Stiffened panels made out of isotropic or anisotropic materials are being extensively used as structural elements for aircraft, maritime, and other structures. In order to maintain stiffness and strength with light weight, new design techniques must be employed when utilising these materials. Their stability, ultimate strength and loading capacity are the key issues pertaining to these engineering structures which have attracted a number of investigators to undertake indepth research, either in an academic or actual engineering context. This paper provides an extensive review of the research which has been conducted in recent years (2000-2012) on the buckling and post-buckling response of isotropic and composite stiffened plate and shell structures related to analysis and experiment. The key objective of this review article is to collate the research performed in the area of buckling and post-buckling behaviour of stiffened structures, thereby giving a broad perspective of the state-of-the-art in this field.