With the increased use of cable bolts in mining and civil projects worldwide, it is important to understanding the performance of these support structures in different scenarios. The axial load transfer mechanisms of six cable bolts were investigated experimentally in this research study. A large-scale pull-out testing apparatus with a capacity of 1000 kN was designed and manufactured as part of the investigation. A common commercial cementitious grout with a uniaxial compressive strength of 60 MPa was used to encapsulate 300 mm length samples. Passive confinement encapsulated each sample to ensure the concrete’s integrity during the testing. The encapsulated cable bolts were then subjected to axial loads using a hydraulic ram, with the axial load and displacement measured using a load cell and LVDTs. Two scenarios were investigated: free rotation and restricted rotation. The results demonstrated that the apparatus effectively recorded the behaviour of the cable during pull-out and identified that the radial stiffness of the samples had a significant impact on the overall load of the system. The results also indicated that rotation had a limited influence on the load behaviour of the samples tested.