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Aqueous Electrolytes with Hydrophobic Organic Cosolvents for Stabilizing Zinc Metal Anodes

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Rechargeable aqueous zinc (Zn) batteries are promising for large-energy storage because of their low cost, high safety, and environmental compatibility, but their implementation is hindered by the severe irreversibility of Zn metal anodes as exemplified by water-induced side reactions (H2evolution and Zn corrosion) and dendrite growth. Here, we find that the introduction of a hydrophobic carbonate cosolvent into a dilute aqueous electrolyte exhibits a much stronger ability to address the reversible issues facing Zn anodes than that with hydrophilic ones. Among the typical carbonates (ethylene carbonate, propylene carbonate, dimethyl carbonate, and diethyl carbonate (DEC)), DEC as the most hydrophobic additive enables the strongest breaking of water's H-bond network and replaces the solvating H2O in a Zn2+-solvation sheath, which significantly reduces the water activity and its decomposition. Additionally, DEC molecules preferentially adsorb onto the Zn surface to create an H2O-poor electrical double layer and render a dendrite-free Zn2+-plating behavior. The formulated hybrid 2 m Zn(OTf)2+ 7 m DEC electrolyte endows the Zn electrode with an ability to achieve high cycling stability (over 3500 h at 5 mA cm-2with 2.5 mA h cm-2) and supports the stable operation of Zn||V2O5��nH2O full battery. This efficient strategy with hydrophobic cosolvent suggests a promising direction for designing aqueous battery chemistries.

Publication Date


  • 2022

Citation


  • Miao, L., Wang, R., Di, S., Qian, Z., Zhang, L., Xin, W., . . . Zhang, N. (2022). Aqueous Electrolytes with Hydrophobic Organic Cosolvents for Stabilizing Zinc Metal Anodes. ACS Nano, 16(6), 9667-9678. doi:10.1021/acsnano.2c02996

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85131716209

Start Page


  • 9667

End Page


  • 9678

Volume


  • 16

Issue


  • 6

Place Of Publication


Abstract


  • Rechargeable aqueous zinc (Zn) batteries are promising for large-energy storage because of their low cost, high safety, and environmental compatibility, but their implementation is hindered by the severe irreversibility of Zn metal anodes as exemplified by water-induced side reactions (H2evolution and Zn corrosion) and dendrite growth. Here, we find that the introduction of a hydrophobic carbonate cosolvent into a dilute aqueous electrolyte exhibits a much stronger ability to address the reversible issues facing Zn anodes than that with hydrophilic ones. Among the typical carbonates (ethylene carbonate, propylene carbonate, dimethyl carbonate, and diethyl carbonate (DEC)), DEC as the most hydrophobic additive enables the strongest breaking of water's H-bond network and replaces the solvating H2O in a Zn2+-solvation sheath, which significantly reduces the water activity and its decomposition. Additionally, DEC molecules preferentially adsorb onto the Zn surface to create an H2O-poor electrical double layer and render a dendrite-free Zn2+-plating behavior. The formulated hybrid 2 m Zn(OTf)2+ 7 m DEC electrolyte endows the Zn electrode with an ability to achieve high cycling stability (over 3500 h at 5 mA cm-2with 2.5 mA h cm-2) and supports the stable operation of Zn||V2O5��nH2O full battery. This efficient strategy with hydrophobic cosolvent suggests a promising direction for designing aqueous battery chemistries.

Publication Date


  • 2022

Citation


  • Miao, L., Wang, R., Di, S., Qian, Z., Zhang, L., Xin, W., . . . Zhang, N. (2022). Aqueous Electrolytes with Hydrophobic Organic Cosolvents for Stabilizing Zinc Metal Anodes. ACS Nano, 16(6), 9667-9678. doi:10.1021/acsnano.2c02996

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85131716209

Start Page


  • 9667

End Page


  • 9678

Volume


  • 16

Issue


  • 6

Place Of Publication