This chapter provides a summary of the current Swedish literature and educational policies around autism and young children’s preschool and schooling. In preschool and schooling, the number of children diagnosed with autism has increased in the past 10 years. Autism is characterised by deficits in social communication skills alongside restricted and repetitive behaviour and interests. Children on the autism spectrum experience some difficulties in preschools/schools and often need support to overcome the potential problems of preschool/school environments. Swedish studies have shown that preschool and school teachers struggle to meet the needs of children on the autism spectrum. The chapter concludes with key reflections to enhance collaboration between educators and parents to support children on the autism spectrum.