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Regulating Polysulfide Diffusion and Deposition via Rational Design of Core-Shell Active Materials in Li-S Batteries

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Polar host materials with strong adsorption capacity of polysulfides are designed to limit the shuttle effect in sulfur cathodes. However, a critical problem is to control diffusion and deposition of lithium polysulfides during cycling, which significantly impacts cycling stability and sulfur utilization. Here, we report using a sequential adsorption-guided self-assembly to design two types of core-shell sulfur particles with opposite polysulfide adsorption gradients to explore quantitatively the regulation of polysulfide diffusion and deposition. We show that a positive core-shell design of sulfur particles (PCSD@SP), i.e., polysulfide adsorption capability decreasing from the interior to the exterior of the host, is more effective in restricting polysulfide diffusion and regulating polysulfide deposition than the negative core-shell counterpart (NCSD@SP). As a result, the PCSD@SP electrode with a sulfur loading of 7 mg cm-2 exhibits a stable areal capacity of 6 mAh cm-2 over 130 cycles at 0.2C. At intermittent discharge/charge, the PCSD@SP electrode retains excellent stability compared with the NCSD@SP. We conclude that rational design of positive core-shell active materials can be used to regulate polysulfide diffusion and deposition to boost electrochemical reaction dynamics and performance. The reported findings will be of immediate benefit to a range of researchers in the design of high-performance lithium-sulfur batteries.

Publication Date


  • 2022

Citation


  • Feng, L., Yu, P., Fu, X., Zhang, Z. M., Davey, K., Wang, Y., . . . Yang, W. (2022). Regulating Polysulfide Diffusion and Deposition via Rational Design of Core-Shell Active Materials in Li-S Batteries. ACS Nano. doi:10.1021/acsnano.2c00882

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85130012024

Abstract


  • Polar host materials with strong adsorption capacity of polysulfides are designed to limit the shuttle effect in sulfur cathodes. However, a critical problem is to control diffusion and deposition of lithium polysulfides during cycling, which significantly impacts cycling stability and sulfur utilization. Here, we report using a sequential adsorption-guided self-assembly to design two types of core-shell sulfur particles with opposite polysulfide adsorption gradients to explore quantitatively the regulation of polysulfide diffusion and deposition. We show that a positive core-shell design of sulfur particles (PCSD@SP), i.e., polysulfide adsorption capability decreasing from the interior to the exterior of the host, is more effective in restricting polysulfide diffusion and regulating polysulfide deposition than the negative core-shell counterpart (NCSD@SP). As a result, the PCSD@SP electrode with a sulfur loading of 7 mg cm-2 exhibits a stable areal capacity of 6 mAh cm-2 over 130 cycles at 0.2C. At intermittent discharge/charge, the PCSD@SP electrode retains excellent stability compared with the NCSD@SP. We conclude that rational design of positive core-shell active materials can be used to regulate polysulfide diffusion and deposition to boost electrochemical reaction dynamics and performance. The reported findings will be of immediate benefit to a range of researchers in the design of high-performance lithium-sulfur batteries.

Publication Date


  • 2022

Citation


  • Feng, L., Yu, P., Fu, X., Zhang, Z. M., Davey, K., Wang, Y., . . . Yang, W. (2022). Regulating Polysulfide Diffusion and Deposition via Rational Design of Core-Shell Active Materials in Li-S Batteries. ACS Nano. doi:10.1021/acsnano.2c00882

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85130012024