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On cascading failures and countermeasures based on energy storage in the smart grid

Conference Paper


Abstract


  • Recently, there have been growing concerns about electric power grid security and resilience. The performance of the power grid may suffer from component failures or targeted attacks. A sophisticated adversary may target critical components in the grid, leading to cascading failures and large blackouts. To this end, this paper begins with identifying the most critical components that lead to cascading failures in the grid and then presents a defensive mechanism using energy storage to defend against cascading failures. Based on the optimal power flow control on the standard IEEE power system test cases, we systematically assess component significance, simulate attacks against power grid components, and evaluate the consequences. We also conduct extensive simulations to investigate the effectiveness of deploying Energy Storage Systems (ESSs), in terms of storage capacity and deployment locations, to mitigate cascading failures. Through extensive simulations, our data shows that integrating energy storage systems into the smart grid can efficiently mitigate cascading failures.

Publication Date


  • 2014

Citation


  • Chen, X., Yu, W., Griffith, D., Golmie, N., & Xu, G. (2014). On cascading failures and countermeasures based on energy storage in the smart grid. In Proceedings of the 2014 Research in Adaptive and Convergent Systems, RACS 2014 (pp. 291-296). doi:10.1145/2663761.2663770

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84910007498

Web Of Science Accession Number


Start Page


  • 291

End Page


  • 296

Abstract


  • Recently, there have been growing concerns about electric power grid security and resilience. The performance of the power grid may suffer from component failures or targeted attacks. A sophisticated adversary may target critical components in the grid, leading to cascading failures and large blackouts. To this end, this paper begins with identifying the most critical components that lead to cascading failures in the grid and then presents a defensive mechanism using energy storage to defend against cascading failures. Based on the optimal power flow control on the standard IEEE power system test cases, we systematically assess component significance, simulate attacks against power grid components, and evaluate the consequences. We also conduct extensive simulations to investigate the effectiveness of deploying Energy Storage Systems (ESSs), in terms of storage capacity and deployment locations, to mitigate cascading failures. Through extensive simulations, our data shows that integrating energy storage systems into the smart grid can efficiently mitigate cascading failures.

Publication Date


  • 2014

Citation


  • Chen, X., Yu, W., Griffith, D., Golmie, N., & Xu, G. (2014). On cascading failures and countermeasures based on energy storage in the smart grid. In Proceedings of the 2014 Research in Adaptive and Convergent Systems, RACS 2014 (pp. 291-296). doi:10.1145/2663761.2663770

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84910007498

Web Of Science Accession Number


Start Page


  • 291

End Page


  • 296