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An Optimized and Outage-Resilient Energy Management Framework for Multicarrier Energy Microgrids Integrating Demand Response

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Given the frequency of power outages caused by recent crises, including high-impact natural disasters, power and energy supply must be more resilient and cost effective. Owing to this necessity, this article presents a grid-connected multicarrier energy microgrid, which can provide continuous energy for both electrical and heating load demands at a low cost. The model employs a demand response (DR) scheme based on time of use and integrates with the proposed microgrid. Several energy sources - photovoltaics, batteries, a combined heat and power unit, and associated dispatch strategy - are optimized using the deterministic mixed-integer linear programming algorithm. The proposed model is tested in a hospital of California, USA. The results show the benefits of the DR program in terms of techno-economic output when compared to the system without its implementation. Several simulation results also demonstrate the model's effectiveness and resiliency in maintaining a continuous energy supply in the midst of power outages at various times of the year while lowering costs. Furthermore, a comparative study with the existing methods is performed, which shows the effectiveness of the proposed technique as well.

Publication Date


  • 2022

Citation


  • Masrur, H., Gamil, M. M., Islam, M. R., Muttaqi, K. M., Lipu, M. S. H., & Senjyu, T. (2022). An Optimized and Outage-Resilient Energy Management Framework for Multicarrier Energy Microgrids Integrating Demand Response. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 58(3), 4171-4180. doi:10.1109/TIA.2022.3160683

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85126718289

Start Page


  • 4171

End Page


  • 4180

Volume


  • 58

Issue


  • 3

Abstract


  • Given the frequency of power outages caused by recent crises, including high-impact natural disasters, power and energy supply must be more resilient and cost effective. Owing to this necessity, this article presents a grid-connected multicarrier energy microgrid, which can provide continuous energy for both electrical and heating load demands at a low cost. The model employs a demand response (DR) scheme based on time of use and integrates with the proposed microgrid. Several energy sources - photovoltaics, batteries, a combined heat and power unit, and associated dispatch strategy - are optimized using the deterministic mixed-integer linear programming algorithm. The proposed model is tested in a hospital of California, USA. The results show the benefits of the DR program in terms of techno-economic output when compared to the system without its implementation. Several simulation results also demonstrate the model's effectiveness and resiliency in maintaining a continuous energy supply in the midst of power outages at various times of the year while lowering costs. Furthermore, a comparative study with the existing methods is performed, which shows the effectiveness of the proposed technique as well.

Publication Date


  • 2022

Citation


  • Masrur, H., Gamil, M. M., Islam, M. R., Muttaqi, K. M., Lipu, M. S. H., & Senjyu, T. (2022). An Optimized and Outage-Resilient Energy Management Framework for Multicarrier Energy Microgrids Integrating Demand Response. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 58(3), 4171-4180. doi:10.1109/TIA.2022.3160683

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85126718289

Start Page


  • 4171

End Page


  • 4180

Volume


  • 58

Issue


  • 3