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New Insights into the Effects of Zr Substitution and Carbon Additive on Li3- xEr1- xZrxCl6Halide Solid Electrolytes

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Halide solid electrolytes have been considered as the most promising candidates for practical high-voltage all-solid-state lithium-ion batteries (ASSLIBs) due to their moderate ionic conductivity and good interfacial compatibility with oxide cathode materials. Aliovalent ion doping is an effective strategy to increase the ionic conductivity of halide electrolytes. However, the effects of ion doping on the electrochemical stability window of halide electrolytes and carbon additive on electrochemical performance are still unclear by far. Herein, a series of Zr-doped Li3-xEr1-xZrxCl6halide solid electrolytes (SEs) are synthesized through a mechanochemical method and the effects of Zr substitution on the ionic conductivity and electrochemical stability window are systematically investigated. Zr doping can increase the ionic conductivity, whereas it narrows the electrochemical stability window of the Li3ErCl6electrolyte simultaneously. The optimized Li2.6Er0.6Zr0.4Cl6electrolyte exhibits both a high ionic conductivity of 1.13 mS cm-1and a high oxidation voltage of 4.21 V. Furthermore, carbon additives are demonstrated to be beneficial for achieving high discharge capacity and better cycling stability and rate performance for halide-based ASSLIBs, which are completely different from the case of sulfide electrolytes. ASSLIBs with uncoated LiCoO2cathode and carbon additives exhibit a high discharge capacity of 147.5 mAh g-1and superior cycling stability with a capacity retention of 77% after 500 cycles. This work provides an in-depth understanding of the influence of ion doping and carbon additives on halide solid electrolytes and feasible strategies to realize high-energy-density ASSLIBs.

Publication Date


  • 2022

Citation


  • Shao, Q., Yan, C., Gao, M., Du, W., Chen, J., Yang, Y., . . . Pan, H. (2022). New Insights into the Effects of Zr Substitution and Carbon Additive on Li3- xEr1- xZrxCl6Halide Solid Electrolytes. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 14(6), 8095-8105. doi:10.1021/acsami.1c25087

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85124256127

Start Page


  • 8095

End Page


  • 8105

Volume


  • 14

Issue


  • 6

Abstract


  • Halide solid electrolytes have been considered as the most promising candidates for practical high-voltage all-solid-state lithium-ion batteries (ASSLIBs) due to their moderate ionic conductivity and good interfacial compatibility with oxide cathode materials. Aliovalent ion doping is an effective strategy to increase the ionic conductivity of halide electrolytes. However, the effects of ion doping on the electrochemical stability window of halide electrolytes and carbon additive on electrochemical performance are still unclear by far. Herein, a series of Zr-doped Li3-xEr1-xZrxCl6halide solid electrolytes (SEs) are synthesized through a mechanochemical method and the effects of Zr substitution on the ionic conductivity and electrochemical stability window are systematically investigated. Zr doping can increase the ionic conductivity, whereas it narrows the electrochemical stability window of the Li3ErCl6electrolyte simultaneously. The optimized Li2.6Er0.6Zr0.4Cl6electrolyte exhibits both a high ionic conductivity of 1.13 mS cm-1and a high oxidation voltage of 4.21 V. Furthermore, carbon additives are demonstrated to be beneficial for achieving high discharge capacity and better cycling stability and rate performance for halide-based ASSLIBs, which are completely different from the case of sulfide electrolytes. ASSLIBs with uncoated LiCoO2cathode and carbon additives exhibit a high discharge capacity of 147.5 mAh g-1and superior cycling stability with a capacity retention of 77% after 500 cycles. This work provides an in-depth understanding of the influence of ion doping and carbon additives on halide solid electrolytes and feasible strategies to realize high-energy-density ASSLIBs.

Publication Date


  • 2022

Citation


  • Shao, Q., Yan, C., Gao, M., Du, W., Chen, J., Yang, Y., . . . Pan, H. (2022). New Insights into the Effects of Zr Substitution and Carbon Additive on Li3- xEr1- xZrxCl6Halide Solid Electrolytes. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 14(6), 8095-8105. doi:10.1021/acsami.1c25087

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85124256127

Start Page


  • 8095

End Page


  • 8105

Volume


  • 14

Issue


  • 6