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Urokinase plasminogen activator as an anti-metastasis target: inhibitor design principles, recent amiloride derivatives, and issues with human/mouse species selectivity

Journal Article


Abstract


  • The urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) is a widely studied anticancer drug target with multiple classes of inhibitors reported to date. Many of these inhibitors contain amidine or guanidine groups, while others lacking these groups show improved oral bioavailability. Most of the X-ray co-crystal structures of small molecule uPA inhibitors show a key salt bridge with the side chain carboxylate of Asp189 in the S1 pocket of uPA. This review summarises the different classes of uPA inhibitors, their binding interactions and experimentally measured inhibitory potencies and highlights species selectivity issues with attention to recently described 6-substituted amiloride and 5���N,N-(hexamethylene)amiloride (HMA) derivatives.

Publication Date


  • 2022

Citation


  • El Salamouni, N. S., Buckley, B. J., Ranson, M., Kelso, M. J., & Yu, H. (2022). Urokinase plasminogen activator as an anti-metastasis target: inhibitor design principles, recent amiloride derivatives, and issues with human/mouse species selectivity. Biophysical Reviews, 14(1), 277-301. doi:10.1007/s12551-021-00921-7

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85122363525

Web Of Science Accession Number


Start Page


  • 277

End Page


  • 301

Volume


  • 14

Issue


  • 1

Place Of Publication


Abstract


  • The urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) is a widely studied anticancer drug target with multiple classes of inhibitors reported to date. Many of these inhibitors contain amidine or guanidine groups, while others lacking these groups show improved oral bioavailability. Most of the X-ray co-crystal structures of small molecule uPA inhibitors show a key salt bridge with the side chain carboxylate of Asp189 in the S1 pocket of uPA. This review summarises the different classes of uPA inhibitors, their binding interactions and experimentally measured inhibitory potencies and highlights species selectivity issues with attention to recently described 6-substituted amiloride and 5���N,N-(hexamethylene)amiloride (HMA) derivatives.

Publication Date


  • 2022

Citation


  • El Salamouni, N. S., Buckley, B. J., Ranson, M., Kelso, M. J., & Yu, H. (2022). Urokinase plasminogen activator as an anti-metastasis target: inhibitor design principles, recent amiloride derivatives, and issues with human/mouse species selectivity. Biophysical Reviews, 14(1), 277-301. doi:10.1007/s12551-021-00921-7

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85122363525

Web Of Science Accession Number


Start Page


  • 277

End Page


  • 301

Volume


  • 14

Issue


  • 1

Place Of Publication