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A wearable biofeedback device to increase gait swing time could have positive effects on gait among older adults

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Older adults walk with a shorter stride length, reduced hip range of motion (ROM) and higher cadence. These are signs of reductions in walking ability. This study investigated whether using a wireless smart insole system that monitored and provided biofeedback to encourage an extension of swing time could increase stride length and hip flexion, while reducing the cadence. Seven older adults were tested in this study, with and without the biofeedback device, in an outdoor environment. Gait analysis was performed by using GaitRite system and Xsens MVN. Repeated measures analysis demonstrated that with biofeedback, the swing time increased by 6.45%, stride length by 4.52% and hip flexion by 14.73%, with statistical significance. It also decreased the cadence significantly by 5.5%. This study has demonstrated that this smart insole system modified positively the studied gait parameters in older adults and has the potential to improve their walking ability.

Publication Date


  • 2022

Citation


  • Giraldo-Pedroza, A., Lee, W. C. C., Lam, W. K., Coman, R., & Alici, G. (2022). A wearable biofeedback device to increase gait swing time could have positive effects on gait among older adults. Sensors, 22(1). doi:10.3390/s22010102

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85121650750

Volume


  • 22

Issue


  • 1

Abstract


  • Older adults walk with a shorter stride length, reduced hip range of motion (ROM) and higher cadence. These are signs of reductions in walking ability. This study investigated whether using a wireless smart insole system that monitored and provided biofeedback to encourage an extension of swing time could increase stride length and hip flexion, while reducing the cadence. Seven older adults were tested in this study, with and without the biofeedback device, in an outdoor environment. Gait analysis was performed by using GaitRite system and Xsens MVN. Repeated measures analysis demonstrated that with biofeedback, the swing time increased by 6.45%, stride length by 4.52% and hip flexion by 14.73%, with statistical significance. It also decreased the cadence significantly by 5.5%. This study has demonstrated that this smart insole system modified positively the studied gait parameters in older adults and has the potential to improve their walking ability.

Publication Date


  • 2022

Citation


  • Giraldo-Pedroza, A., Lee, W. C. C., Lam, W. K., Coman, R., & Alici, G. (2022). A wearable biofeedback device to increase gait swing time could have positive effects on gait among older adults. Sensors, 22(1). doi:10.3390/s22010102

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85121650750

Volume


  • 22

Issue


  • 1