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Smart Solar–Metal–Air Batteries Based on BiOCl Photocorrosion for Monolithic Solar Energy Conversion and Storage

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Herein, a BiOCl hydrogel film electrode featuring excellent photocorrosion and regeneration properties acts as the anode to construct a novel type of smart solar–metal–air batteries (SMABs), which combines the characteristics of solar cells (direct photovoltaic conversion) and metal–air batteries (electric energy storage and release interacting with atmosphere). The cyclic photocorrosion processes between BiOCl (Bi3+) and Bi can simply be achieved by solar light illumination and standing in the dark. Upon illumination, the device takes open-circuit configuration to charge itself from the sunlight. Notably, in this system, the converted solar energy can be stored in the SMABs without the need of external assistance. In the discharging process in the dark, Bi0 spontaneously turns back to Bi3+ producing electrons to induce the oxygen reduction reaction. With an illumination of 15 min, the battery with an electrode area of 1 cm2 can be continuously discharged for ≈3000 s. Taking elemental Bi as the calculation object, the theoretical capacity of the SMABs is 384.75 mAh g-1, showing its potential application in energy storage. This novel type of SMABs is developed based on the unique photocorrosive and self-oxidation reaction of BiOCl to achieve photochemical energy generation and storage.

Publication Date


  • 2022

Published In


Citation


  • Lan, Y., Batmunkh, M., Li, P., Qian, B., Bu, D., Zhao, Q., . . . Jia, B. (2022). Smart Solar–Metal–Air Batteries Based on BiOCl Photocorrosion for Monolithic Solar Energy Conversion and Storage. Small, 18(7). doi:10.1002/smll.202105668

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85120698947

Web Of Science Accession Number


Volume


  • 18

Issue


  • 7

Abstract


  • Herein, a BiOCl hydrogel film electrode featuring excellent photocorrosion and regeneration properties acts as the anode to construct a novel type of smart solar–metal–air batteries (SMABs), which combines the characteristics of solar cells (direct photovoltaic conversion) and metal–air batteries (electric energy storage and release interacting with atmosphere). The cyclic photocorrosion processes between BiOCl (Bi3+) and Bi can simply be achieved by solar light illumination and standing in the dark. Upon illumination, the device takes open-circuit configuration to charge itself from the sunlight. Notably, in this system, the converted solar energy can be stored in the SMABs without the need of external assistance. In the discharging process in the dark, Bi0 spontaneously turns back to Bi3+ producing electrons to induce the oxygen reduction reaction. With an illumination of 15 min, the battery with an electrode area of 1 cm2 can be continuously discharged for ≈3000 s. Taking elemental Bi as the calculation object, the theoretical capacity of the SMABs is 384.75 mAh g-1, showing its potential application in energy storage. This novel type of SMABs is developed based on the unique photocorrosive and self-oxidation reaction of BiOCl to achieve photochemical energy generation and storage.

Publication Date


  • 2022

Published In


Citation


  • Lan, Y., Batmunkh, M., Li, P., Qian, B., Bu, D., Zhao, Q., . . . Jia, B. (2022). Smart Solar–Metal–Air Batteries Based on BiOCl Photocorrosion for Monolithic Solar Energy Conversion and Storage. Small, 18(7). doi:10.1002/smll.202105668

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85120698947

Web Of Science Accession Number


Volume


  • 18

Issue


  • 7