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Population-Level Uptake of Moderately Hypofractionated Definitive Radiation Therapy in the Treatment of Prostate Cancer

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Purpose: Recent evidence shows the noninferiority of hypofractionated radiation therapy regimens compared with conventional regimens in the treatment of prostate cancer (PCa). Hypofractionation has benefits for both the patient and health care system, because of the shorter treatment duration. Despite this advantage, the uptake of hypofractionation can be slow. Here we investigate the factors influencing the changing use of moderate hypofractionation (HypoRT) for the treatment of PCa. Methods and Materials: We conducted a population-based, retrospective, consecutive cohort study using the 2014 to 2018 Outpatient Radiation Oncology Data from public and private treatment facilities in New South Wales, Australia. Included participants had a PCa diagnosis of any risk, and they completed curative-intent external beam radiation therapy without treatment to lymph nodes. Factors potentially affecting use of HypoRT were examined using a 3-level hierarchical logistic regression model. The effects were reported using adjusted, median, or interval odds ratios. Results: The study included 4915 patients. Of these, 4053 patients (82.5%) received conventional fractionation, and 862 patients (17.5%) received HypoRT. HypoRT utilization increased from 5.2% in 2014 to 40.3% in 2018. The treating radiation oncologist, treatment facility, and increasing distance to treatment centers had the greatest influence on HypoRT uptake. The main limitation was the lack of stratification by PCa risk categorization. Conclusions: Although HypoRT uptake has considerably increased between 2014 and 2018, it remains variable among facilities and treating radiation oncologists. Strategies are being explored to reduce inter-clinician variability.

Publication Date


  • 2021

Citation


  • Nithiyananthan, K., Creighton, N., Currow, D., & Martin, J. M. (2021). Population-Level Uptake of Moderately Hypofractionated Definitive Radiation Therapy in the Treatment of Prostate Cancer. International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics, 111(2), 417-423. doi:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2021.04.033

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85107523325

Start Page


  • 417

End Page


  • 423

Volume


  • 111

Issue


  • 2

Place Of Publication


Abstract


  • Purpose: Recent evidence shows the noninferiority of hypofractionated radiation therapy regimens compared with conventional regimens in the treatment of prostate cancer (PCa). Hypofractionation has benefits for both the patient and health care system, because of the shorter treatment duration. Despite this advantage, the uptake of hypofractionation can be slow. Here we investigate the factors influencing the changing use of moderate hypofractionation (HypoRT) for the treatment of PCa. Methods and Materials: We conducted a population-based, retrospective, consecutive cohort study using the 2014 to 2018 Outpatient Radiation Oncology Data from public and private treatment facilities in New South Wales, Australia. Included participants had a PCa diagnosis of any risk, and they completed curative-intent external beam radiation therapy without treatment to lymph nodes. Factors potentially affecting use of HypoRT were examined using a 3-level hierarchical logistic regression model. The effects were reported using adjusted, median, or interval odds ratios. Results: The study included 4915 patients. Of these, 4053 patients (82.5%) received conventional fractionation, and 862 patients (17.5%) received HypoRT. HypoRT utilization increased from 5.2% in 2014 to 40.3% in 2018. The treating radiation oncologist, treatment facility, and increasing distance to treatment centers had the greatest influence on HypoRT uptake. The main limitation was the lack of stratification by PCa risk categorization. Conclusions: Although HypoRT uptake has considerably increased between 2014 and 2018, it remains variable among facilities and treating radiation oncologists. Strategies are being explored to reduce inter-clinician variability.

Publication Date


  • 2021

Citation


  • Nithiyananthan, K., Creighton, N., Currow, D., & Martin, J. M. (2021). Population-Level Uptake of Moderately Hypofractionated Definitive Radiation Therapy in the Treatment of Prostate Cancer. International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics, 111(2), 417-423. doi:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2021.04.033

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85107523325

Start Page


  • 417

End Page


  • 423

Volume


  • 111

Issue


  • 2

Place Of Publication