Background: Haloperidol is a commonly used antipsychotic drug and may increase neuronal oxidative stress associated with the side effects, including tardive dyskinesia and neurite withdraw. Autophagy plays a protective role in response to the accumulated reactive oxygen species (ROS) induced mitochondria damage. Resveratrol is an antioxidant compound having neuroprotective effects; however, it is unknown if resveratrol may stimulate autophagy and decrease mitochondria damage induced by haloperidol. Hypothesis: We hypothesis that resveratrol stimulates the autophagic process and protects mitochondria lesion induced by haloperidol. Methods: MitoSOX��� Red Mitochondrial Superoxide Indicator and MitoTracker��� Green FM staining were used to measure the amount of the mitochondria ROS production and mitochondria mass in human SH-SY5Y cells treated with haloperidol and/or resveratrol. Autophagic related dyes and Western blot were applied to study the autophagic process and related protein expression. Besides, tandem monomeric mRFP-GFP-LC3 was used to investigate the fusion of autophagosome and lysosome. Transmission electron microscopy was used to investigate the mitochondrial and autophagic ultrastructures with or without haloperidol and resveratrol treatment. Results: Haloperidol administration significantly increased mitochondria ROS and mitochondrial mass, indicating the increase of mitochondria dysfunction. Although haloperidol increased the autophagosomes and lysosome formation, the autophagosome-lysosome fusion and degradation were impaired. This was because we found an increased p62 after haloperidol treatment, an indication of autophagy incompletion. Importantly, resveratrol promoted the degradation of p62, upregulated the formation of autophagolysosome, and reversed haloperidol-induced mitochondria damage. Conclusion: These results collectively suggest that resveratrol may be introduced as a protective compound against haloperidol-induced mitochondria impairment and aberrant autophagy.