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Signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 1 and STAT3 are expressed in the human ovary and have Janus kinase 1-independent functions in the COV434 human granulosa cell line

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Ovarian granulosa cells are fundamental for oocyte maintenance and maturation. Recent studies have demonstrated the importance of members of the Janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) signalling pathway in the granulosa cell population of mouse and horse ovaries, with perturbation of JAK1 signalling in the mouse shown to impair oocyte maintenance and accelerate primordial follicle activation. The presence and role of the JAK/STAT pathway in human granulosa cells has yet to be elucidated. In this study, expression of JAK1, STAT1 and STAT3 was detected in oocytes and granulosa cells of human ovarian sections from fetal (40 weeks gestation) and premenopausal ovaries (34-41 years of age; n = 3). To determine the effects of JAK1 signalling in granulosa cells, the human granulosa-like cell line COV434 was used, with JAK1 inhibition using ruxolitinib. Chemical inhibition of JAK1 in COV434 cells with 100 nM ruxolitinib for 72 h resulted in significant increases in STAT3 mRNA (P = 0.034) and p-Y701-STAT1 protein (P = 0.0117), demonstrating a role for JAK1 in modulating STAT in granulosa cells. This study implicates a conserved role for JAK/STAT signalling in human ovary development, warranting further investigation of this pathway in human granulosa cell function.

Publication Date


  • 2020

Citation


  • Frost, E. R., Ford, E. A., Peters, A. E., Reed, N. L., McLaughlin, E. A., Baker, M. A., . . . Sutherland, J. M. (2020). Signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 1 and STAT3 are expressed in the human ovary and have Janus kinase 1-independent functions in the COV434 human granulosa cell line. Reproduction, Fertility and Development, 32(12), 1027-1039. doi:10.1071/RD20098

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85089170576

Start Page


  • 1027

End Page


  • 1039

Volume


  • 32

Issue


  • 12

Place Of Publication


Abstract


  • Ovarian granulosa cells are fundamental for oocyte maintenance and maturation. Recent studies have demonstrated the importance of members of the Janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) signalling pathway in the granulosa cell population of mouse and horse ovaries, with perturbation of JAK1 signalling in the mouse shown to impair oocyte maintenance and accelerate primordial follicle activation. The presence and role of the JAK/STAT pathway in human granulosa cells has yet to be elucidated. In this study, expression of JAK1, STAT1 and STAT3 was detected in oocytes and granulosa cells of human ovarian sections from fetal (40 weeks gestation) and premenopausal ovaries (34-41 years of age; n = 3). To determine the effects of JAK1 signalling in granulosa cells, the human granulosa-like cell line COV434 was used, with JAK1 inhibition using ruxolitinib. Chemical inhibition of JAK1 in COV434 cells with 100 nM ruxolitinib for 72 h resulted in significant increases in STAT3 mRNA (P = 0.034) and p-Y701-STAT1 protein (P = 0.0117), demonstrating a role for JAK1 in modulating STAT in granulosa cells. This study implicates a conserved role for JAK/STAT signalling in human ovary development, warranting further investigation of this pathway in human granulosa cell function.

Publication Date


  • 2020

Citation


  • Frost, E. R., Ford, E. A., Peters, A. E., Reed, N. L., McLaughlin, E. A., Baker, M. A., . . . Sutherland, J. M. (2020). Signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 1 and STAT3 are expressed in the human ovary and have Janus kinase 1-independent functions in the COV434 human granulosa cell line. Reproduction, Fertility and Development, 32(12), 1027-1039. doi:10.1071/RD20098

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85089170576

Start Page


  • 1027

End Page


  • 1039

Volume


  • 32

Issue


  • 12

Place Of Publication