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A review of wire arc additive manufacturing: Development, principles, process physics, implementation and current status

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Additive manufacturing (AM) is now recognised as a viable alternative to processes such as casting, forging, and subtractive technologies such as machining. Wire arc additive manufacturing (WAAM) has emerged as a cost-effective AM approach for component fabrication and a considerable body of literature on the subject has become available over the last 30 years. This review references the published work in a critical manner. It traces the development of WAAM, the principles of operation, materials considerations, process options, process physics, numerical simulation, process control, the current status and future research needs.

Publication Date


  • 2021

Citation


  • Norrish, J., Polden, J., & Richardson, I. (2021). A review of wire arc additive manufacturing: Development, principles, process physics, implementation and current status. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 54(47). doi:10.1088/1361-6463/ac1e4a

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85115266936

Volume


  • 54

Issue


  • 47

Abstract


  • Additive manufacturing (AM) is now recognised as a viable alternative to processes such as casting, forging, and subtractive technologies such as machining. Wire arc additive manufacturing (WAAM) has emerged as a cost-effective AM approach for component fabrication and a considerable body of literature on the subject has become available over the last 30 years. This review references the published work in a critical manner. It traces the development of WAAM, the principles of operation, materials considerations, process options, process physics, numerical simulation, process control, the current status and future research needs.

Publication Date


  • 2021

Citation


  • Norrish, J., Polden, J., & Richardson, I. (2021). A review of wire arc additive manufacturing: Development, principles, process physics, implementation and current status. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 54(47). doi:10.1088/1361-6463/ac1e4a

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85115266936

Volume


  • 54

Issue


  • 47