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Distributed fiber optic sensor-based strain monitoring of a riveted bridge joint under fatigue loading

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Riveted steel bridges, which were built in the early 20th century, require their regular structural integrity assessment to avoid any catastrophic failure. This article presents continuous strain monitoring of a single riveted lap joint, which is a representative critical element of riveted steel bridges through an optical frequency domain reflectometry (OFDR)-based distributed fiber optic sensor (DFOS). The aim of this study was to instrument a DFOS on a single riveted lap joint for monitoring the surface and critical strains experienced by the rivet joint under two fatigue loading conditions and also to compare the strain transfer between the two commonly used adhesives for bonding the DFOS. Initially, through finite element analysis (FEA), a location for installing the DFOS was identified, and also a strategy was developed for monitoring the critical location of the joint during fatigue loading. Subsequently, the DFOS was instrumented on the riveted joint at the identified location in two segments, where similar strain levels were expected with the aid of two types of adhesives: cyanoacrylate and epoxy. The strains on the rivet joint were monitored under high cycle fatigue (HCF) for up to 2 × 106 loading cycles with constant stress amplitude and followed by low cycle fatigue (LCF) loading with increasing stress amplitude until the failure of the specimen. The results showed that the DFOS could continuously sense the cyclic peak strain of - 223 μ ϵ under HCF conditions and a peak maximum strain of -1244 μ ϵ under LCF conditions. Furthermore, the internal critical strain on the rivet joint during loading could be monitored with the application of the developed damage monitoring strategy and DFOS strain data. Finally, the DFOS segment bonded using cyanoacrylate measured marginally high strains than epoxy adhesive during the HCF test.

Publication Date


  • 2021

Citation


  • Nagulapally, P., Shamsuddoha, M., Rajan, G., Mohan, M., & Prusty, B. G. (2021). Distributed fiber optic sensor-based strain monitoring of a riveted bridge joint under fatigue loading. IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, 70. doi:10.1109/TIM.2021.3101324

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85111605025

Volume


  • 70

Abstract


  • Riveted steel bridges, which were built in the early 20th century, require their regular structural integrity assessment to avoid any catastrophic failure. This article presents continuous strain monitoring of a single riveted lap joint, which is a representative critical element of riveted steel bridges through an optical frequency domain reflectometry (OFDR)-based distributed fiber optic sensor (DFOS). The aim of this study was to instrument a DFOS on a single riveted lap joint for monitoring the surface and critical strains experienced by the rivet joint under two fatigue loading conditions and also to compare the strain transfer between the two commonly used adhesives for bonding the DFOS. Initially, through finite element analysis (FEA), a location for installing the DFOS was identified, and also a strategy was developed for monitoring the critical location of the joint during fatigue loading. Subsequently, the DFOS was instrumented on the riveted joint at the identified location in two segments, where similar strain levels were expected with the aid of two types of adhesives: cyanoacrylate and epoxy. The strains on the rivet joint were monitored under high cycle fatigue (HCF) for up to 2 × 106 loading cycles with constant stress amplitude and followed by low cycle fatigue (LCF) loading with increasing stress amplitude until the failure of the specimen. The results showed that the DFOS could continuously sense the cyclic peak strain of - 223 μ ϵ under HCF conditions and a peak maximum strain of -1244 μ ϵ under LCF conditions. Furthermore, the internal critical strain on the rivet joint during loading could be monitored with the application of the developed damage monitoring strategy and DFOS strain data. Finally, the DFOS segment bonded using cyanoacrylate measured marginally high strains than epoxy adhesive during the HCF test.

Publication Date


  • 2021

Citation


  • Nagulapally, P., Shamsuddoha, M., Rajan, G., Mohan, M., & Prusty, B. G. (2021). Distributed fiber optic sensor-based strain monitoring of a riveted bridge joint under fatigue loading. IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, 70. doi:10.1109/TIM.2021.3101324

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85111605025

Volume


  • 70