Objective: To determine the effect of gender and inclined floor on time to stability (TTS) after landing from a vertical jump. Design: This study used a repeated measures design with male and female professional dancers landing on a flat and 4 inclined floors. A repeated measures univariate analysis of variance (gender �� floor) was performed on TTS in the anterior-posterior and medial-lateral directions. Setting: Biomechanics laboratory. Participants: Twenty-three female and 13 male professional dancers. INDEPENDENT VARIABLES:: Gender and floor inclination (flat, posterior, anterior, lateral, and medial). Main Outcome Measures: Time to stability in the anterior-posterior and medial-lateral directions after landing from a vertical jump. Results: Female dancers exhibited longer TTS in both directions (P ��� 0.05). Floor inclination or the interaction of gender �� floor did not have an effect on TTS (P > 0.3). Conclusions: Female dancers exhibited longer TTS after landing from a vertical jump compared with their male counterparts. This balance difference may be a factor related to the higher rate of ankle sprain among female dancers. Additionally, professional dancers exhibited similar TTS when landing on flat and inclined floors. �� 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.