Skip to main content
placeholder image

Courses of change in knee adduction moment and lateral thrust differ up to 1��year after TKA

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Purpose: In total knee arthroplasty (TKA), dynamic knee loading may loosen the artificial joint and bone or cause polyethylene wear after prolonged use. TKA decreases knee adduction moment at 6��months, but this effect is lost by 1��year post-operatively. However, lateral thrust after TKA has not been clarified. We hypothesized that like knee adduction moment, lateral thrust would return to baseline levels by 1��year post-operatively. Methods: Participants were 15 patients who underwent TKA for medial knee OA. Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, numeric rating scale, and gait analysis (measurement of peak knee adduction moment, knee varus angle at peak knee adduction moment, lateral thrust, and gait speed) were performed preoperatively (baseline) and 3��weeks, 3 and 6��months, and 1��year post-operatively. Results: JOA score improved from 55������9.8 to 78������12.1 at 1��year post-operatively, and pain decreased significantly from baseline at each follow-up (p��<��0.001). Significant increases in gait speed were observed at 6��months and 1��year (p��<��0.001). Peak knee adduction moment during stance phase was significantly lower at 3��weeks, 3��months, and 6��months compared to baseline (p��<��0.05), but no significant changes were seen at 1��year. Knee varus at peak knee adduction moment did not differ significantly between any measurement points, while lateral thrust was decreased at 6��months and 1��year compared to baseline (p��<��0.05). Conclusions: Temporal courses of changes up to 1��year after TKA differed between knee adduction moment and lateral thrust, so our hypothesis was rejected. Level of evidence: IV.

Publication Date


  • 2016

Citation


  • Shimada, N., Deie, M., Hirata, K., Hiate, Y., Orita, N., Iwaki, D., . . . Ochi, M. (2016). Courses of change in knee adduction moment and lateral thrust differ up to 1��year after TKA. Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, 24(8), 2506-2511. doi:10.1007/s00167-015-3688-3

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84937141332

Start Page


  • 2506

End Page


  • 2511

Volume


  • 24

Issue


  • 8

Place Of Publication


Abstract


  • Purpose: In total knee arthroplasty (TKA), dynamic knee loading may loosen the artificial joint and bone or cause polyethylene wear after prolonged use. TKA decreases knee adduction moment at 6��months, but this effect is lost by 1��year post-operatively. However, lateral thrust after TKA has not been clarified. We hypothesized that like knee adduction moment, lateral thrust would return to baseline levels by 1��year post-operatively. Methods: Participants were 15 patients who underwent TKA for medial knee OA. Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, numeric rating scale, and gait analysis (measurement of peak knee adduction moment, knee varus angle at peak knee adduction moment, lateral thrust, and gait speed) were performed preoperatively (baseline) and 3��weeks, 3 and 6��months, and 1��year post-operatively. Results: JOA score improved from 55������9.8 to 78������12.1 at 1��year post-operatively, and pain decreased significantly from baseline at each follow-up (p��<��0.001). Significant increases in gait speed were observed at 6��months and 1��year (p��<��0.001). Peak knee adduction moment during stance phase was significantly lower at 3��weeks, 3��months, and 6��months compared to baseline (p��<��0.05), but no significant changes were seen at 1��year. Knee varus at peak knee adduction moment did not differ significantly between any measurement points, while lateral thrust was decreased at 6��months and 1��year compared to baseline (p��<��0.05). Conclusions: Temporal courses of changes up to 1��year after TKA differed between knee adduction moment and lateral thrust, so our hypothesis was rejected. Level of evidence: IV.

Publication Date


  • 2016

Citation


  • Shimada, N., Deie, M., Hirata, K., Hiate, Y., Orita, N., Iwaki, D., . . . Ochi, M. (2016). Courses of change in knee adduction moment and lateral thrust differ up to 1��year after TKA. Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, 24(8), 2506-2511. doi:10.1007/s00167-015-3688-3

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84937141332

Start Page


  • 2506

End Page


  • 2511

Volume


  • 24

Issue


  • 8

Place Of Publication