Recent developments in multilevel inverters have provided impetus for their applications in the medium voltage renewable energy generation processes. This paper proposes an advanced pulse width modulation technique for a modular multilevel cascaded (MMC) inverter based grid integrated solar photovoltaic (PV) system. It offers lower total harmonic distortion (THD) and power losses compared to the existing modulation techniques. This paper shows the design and performance evaluation of the proposed technique using a 3-phase 5-level MMC inverter-based grid connected PV system. The proposed PWM technique offers 12.49% (without filter) and 0.96% (with filter) output line voltage THDs. It also offers 4.64% output current THD, which complies with the IEEE-519 standard for grid integration. Besides THD reduction, it also reduces the switching and conduction power losses of the MMC inverter. Lower losses may help to keep device temperature low, which is essential for power converters used in superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) systems. The simulation is performed in MATLAB/Simulink and the proposed technique is experimentally validated with a laboratory test platform.