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Algorithmic bias in data-driven innovation in the age of AI

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Data-driven innovation (DDI) gains its prominence due to its potential to transform innovation in the age of AI. Digital giants Amazon, Alibaba, Google, Apple, and Facebook, enjoy sustainable competitive advantages from DDI. However, little is known about algorithmic biases that may present in the DDI process, and result in unjust, unfair, or prejudicial data product developments. Thus, this guest editorial aims to explore the sources of algorithmic biases across the DDI process using a systematic literature review, thematic analysis and a case study on the Robo-Debt scheme in Australia. The findings show that there are three major sources of algorithmic bias: data bias, method bias and societal bias. Theoretically, the findings of our study illuminate the role of the dynamic managerial capability to address various biases. Practically, we provide guidelines on addressing algorithmic biases focusing on data, method and managerial capabilities.

Publication Date


  • 2021

Citation


  • Akter, S., McCarthy, G., Sajib, S., Michael, K., Dwivedi, Y. K., D'Ambra, J., & Shen, K. N. (2021). Algorithmic bias in data-driven innovation in the age of AI. International Journal of Information Management, 60. doi:10.1016/j.ijinfomgt.2021.102387

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85110548239

Web Of Science Accession Number


Volume


  • 60

Abstract


  • Data-driven innovation (DDI) gains its prominence due to its potential to transform innovation in the age of AI. Digital giants Amazon, Alibaba, Google, Apple, and Facebook, enjoy sustainable competitive advantages from DDI. However, little is known about algorithmic biases that may present in the DDI process, and result in unjust, unfair, or prejudicial data product developments. Thus, this guest editorial aims to explore the sources of algorithmic biases across the DDI process using a systematic literature review, thematic analysis and a case study on the Robo-Debt scheme in Australia. The findings show that there are three major sources of algorithmic bias: data bias, method bias and societal bias. Theoretically, the findings of our study illuminate the role of the dynamic managerial capability to address various biases. Practically, we provide guidelines on addressing algorithmic biases focusing on data, method and managerial capabilities.

Publication Date


  • 2021

Citation


  • Akter, S., McCarthy, G., Sajib, S., Michael, K., Dwivedi, Y. K., D'Ambra, J., & Shen, K. N. (2021). Algorithmic bias in data-driven innovation in the age of AI. International Journal of Information Management, 60. doi:10.1016/j.ijinfomgt.2021.102387

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85110548239

Web Of Science Accession Number


Volume


  • 60