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Stable Hollow-Structured Silicon Suboxide-Based Anodes toward High-Performance Lithium-Ion Batteries

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Silicon has been regarded as an attractive high-capacity anode material for next-generation lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). However, Si anodes suffer from huge volume variation during cycling, which poses a critical challenge for stable battery operation. Compared with Si, Si suboxide (SiOx) is one of the most promising candidates for high-energy-density LIBs because of its alleviated swelling and highly stable cycling performance. Whereas, the poor electronic conductivity and low (initial) Coulombic efficiency of SiOx anodes severely hinder practical applications for LIBs. Herein, for the first time, these issues are successfully solved through rationally designing hollow-structured SiOx@carbon nanotubes (CNTs)/C architectures with graphitic carbon coatings and in situ growth of CNTs. When applied as anodes in LIBs, the SiOx@CNTs/C anodes exhibit high reversible capacity, high initial Coulombic efficiency (88%), outstanding cycling performance, and extraordinary mechanical strength during the calendaring process (200 MPa). This work paves the way for developing SiOx-based anode materials for high-energy-density LIBs.

UOW Authors


  •   Wang, Guoxiu (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2021

Citation


  • Tian, H., Tian, H., Yang, W., Zhang, F., Yang, W., Zhang, Q., . . . Wang, G. (2021). Stable Hollow-Structured Silicon Suboxide-Based Anodes toward High-Performance Lithium-Ion Batteries. Advanced Functional Materials, 31(25). doi:10.1002/adfm.202101796

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85104129789

Volume


  • 31

Issue


  • 25

Abstract


  • Silicon has been regarded as an attractive high-capacity anode material for next-generation lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). However, Si anodes suffer from huge volume variation during cycling, which poses a critical challenge for stable battery operation. Compared with Si, Si suboxide (SiOx) is one of the most promising candidates for high-energy-density LIBs because of its alleviated swelling and highly stable cycling performance. Whereas, the poor electronic conductivity and low (initial) Coulombic efficiency of SiOx anodes severely hinder practical applications for LIBs. Herein, for the first time, these issues are successfully solved through rationally designing hollow-structured SiOx@carbon nanotubes (CNTs)/C architectures with graphitic carbon coatings and in situ growth of CNTs. When applied as anodes in LIBs, the SiOx@CNTs/C anodes exhibit high reversible capacity, high initial Coulombic efficiency (88%), outstanding cycling performance, and extraordinary mechanical strength during the calendaring process (200 MPa). This work paves the way for developing SiOx-based anode materials for high-energy-density LIBs.

UOW Authors


  •   Wang, Guoxiu (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2021

Citation


  • Tian, H., Tian, H., Yang, W., Zhang, F., Yang, W., Zhang, Q., . . . Wang, G. (2021). Stable Hollow-Structured Silicon Suboxide-Based Anodes toward High-Performance Lithium-Ion Batteries. Advanced Functional Materials, 31(25). doi:10.1002/adfm.202101796

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85104129789

Volume


  • 31

Issue


  • 25