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Significant RF-EMF and thermal levels observed in a computational model of a person with a tibial plate for grounded 40 MHz exposure

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Using numerical modeling, a worst-case scenario is considered when a person with a metallic implant is exposed to a radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetic field (EMF). An adult male standing on a conductive ground plane was exposed to a 40MHz vertically polarized plane wave field, close to whole-body resonance where maximal induced current flows are expected in the legs. A metal plate (50-300mm long) was attached to the tibia in the left leg. The findings from this study re-emphasize the need to ensure compliance with limb current reference levels for exposures near whole-body resonance, and not just rely on compliance with ambient electric (E) and magnetic (H) field reference levels. Moreover, we emphasize this recommendation for someone with a tibial plate, as failure to comply may result in significant tissue damage (increases in the localized temperature of 5-10°C were suggested by the modeling for an incident E-field of 61.4V/m root mean square (rms)). It was determined that the occupational reference level for limb current (100mArms), as stipulated in the 1998 guidelines of the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP), is satisfied if the plane wave incident E-field levels are no more than 29.8V/mrms without an implant and 23.4V/mrms for the model with a 300mm implant. Bioelectromagnetics. 35:284-295, 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

UOW Authors


  •   Anderson, Vitas (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2014

Citation


  • McIntosh, R. L., Iskra, S., & Anderson, V. (2014). Significant RF-EMF and thermal levels observed in a computational model of a person with a tibial plate for grounded 40 MHz exposure. Bioelectromagnetics, 35(4), 284-295. doi:10.1002/bem.21846

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84897372050

Web Of Science Accession Number


Start Page


  • 284

End Page


  • 295

Volume


  • 35

Issue


  • 4

Abstract


  • Using numerical modeling, a worst-case scenario is considered when a person with a metallic implant is exposed to a radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetic field (EMF). An adult male standing on a conductive ground plane was exposed to a 40MHz vertically polarized plane wave field, close to whole-body resonance where maximal induced current flows are expected in the legs. A metal plate (50-300mm long) was attached to the tibia in the left leg. The findings from this study re-emphasize the need to ensure compliance with limb current reference levels for exposures near whole-body resonance, and not just rely on compliance with ambient electric (E) and magnetic (H) field reference levels. Moreover, we emphasize this recommendation for someone with a tibial plate, as failure to comply may result in significant tissue damage (increases in the localized temperature of 5-10°C were suggested by the modeling for an incident E-field of 61.4V/m root mean square (rms)). It was determined that the occupational reference level for limb current (100mArms), as stipulated in the 1998 guidelines of the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP), is satisfied if the plane wave incident E-field levels are no more than 29.8V/mrms without an implant and 23.4V/mrms for the model with a 300mm implant. Bioelectromagnetics. 35:284-295, 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

UOW Authors


  •   Anderson, Vitas (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2014

Citation


  • McIntosh, R. L., Iskra, S., & Anderson, V. (2014). Significant RF-EMF and thermal levels observed in a computational model of a person with a tibial plate for grounded 40 MHz exposure. Bioelectromagnetics, 35(4), 284-295. doi:10.1002/bem.21846

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84897372050

Web Of Science Accession Number


Start Page


  • 284

End Page


  • 295

Volume


  • 35

Issue


  • 4