Skip to main content
placeholder image

Performance of an open-path near-infrared measurement system for measurements of CO2 and CH4 during extended field trials

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Open-path measurements of atmospheric composition provide spatial averages of trace gases that are less sensitive to small-scale variations and the effects of meteorology. In this study we introduce improvements to open-path near-infrared (OP-NIR) Fourier transform spectrometer measurements of COspan classCombining double low line"inline-formula"2/span and CHspan classCombining double low line"inline-formula"4/span. In an extended field trial, the OP-NIR achieved measurement repeatability 6 times better for COspan classCombining double low line"inline-formula"2/span (0.28 ppm) and 10 times better for CHspan classCombining double low line"inline-formula"4/span (2.1 ppb) over a 1.55 km one-way path than its predecessor. The measurement repeatability was independent of path length up to 1.55 km, the longest distance tested. Comparisons to co-located in situ measurements under well-mixed conditions characterise biases of 1.41 % for COspan classCombining double low line"inline-formula"2/span and 1.61 % for CHspan classCombining double low line"inline-formula"4/span relative to in situ measurements calibrated to World Meteorological Organisation-Global Atmosphere Watch (WMO-GAW) scales. The OP-NIR measurements can detect signals due to local photosynthesis and respiration, and local point sources of CHspan classCombining double low line"inline-formula"4/span. The OP-NIR is well-suited for deployment in urban or rural settings to quantify atmospheric composition on kilometre scales./p.

Publication Date


  • 2021

Citation


  • Deutscher, N. M., Naylor, T. A., Caldow, C. G. R., McDougall, H. L., Carter, A. G., & Griffith, D. W. T. (2021). Performance of an open-path near-infrared measurement system for measurements of CO2 and CH4 during extended field trials. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 14(4), 3119-3130. doi:10.5194/amt-14-3119-2021

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85105219784

Start Page


  • 3119

End Page


  • 3130

Volume


  • 14

Issue


  • 4

Abstract


  • Open-path measurements of atmospheric composition provide spatial averages of trace gases that are less sensitive to small-scale variations and the effects of meteorology. In this study we introduce improvements to open-path near-infrared (OP-NIR) Fourier transform spectrometer measurements of COspan classCombining double low line"inline-formula"2/span and CHspan classCombining double low line"inline-formula"4/span. In an extended field trial, the OP-NIR achieved measurement repeatability 6 times better for COspan classCombining double low line"inline-formula"2/span (0.28 ppm) and 10 times better for CHspan classCombining double low line"inline-formula"4/span (2.1 ppb) over a 1.55 km one-way path than its predecessor. The measurement repeatability was independent of path length up to 1.55 km, the longest distance tested. Comparisons to co-located in situ measurements under well-mixed conditions characterise biases of 1.41 % for COspan classCombining double low line"inline-formula"2/span and 1.61 % for CHspan classCombining double low line"inline-formula"4/span relative to in situ measurements calibrated to World Meteorological Organisation-Global Atmosphere Watch (WMO-GAW) scales. The OP-NIR measurements can detect signals due to local photosynthesis and respiration, and local point sources of CHspan classCombining double low line"inline-formula"4/span. The OP-NIR is well-suited for deployment in urban or rural settings to quantify atmospheric composition on kilometre scales./p.

Publication Date


  • 2021

Citation


  • Deutscher, N. M., Naylor, T. A., Caldow, C. G. R., McDougall, H. L., Carter, A. G., & Griffith, D. W. T. (2021). Performance of an open-path near-infrared measurement system for measurements of CO2 and CH4 during extended field trials. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 14(4), 3119-3130. doi:10.5194/amt-14-3119-2021

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85105219784

Start Page


  • 3119

End Page


  • 3130

Volume


  • 14

Issue


  • 4