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Time-reversal-breaking Weyl nodal lines in two-dimensional A3C2(A = Ti, Zr, and Hf) intrinsically ferromagnetic materials with high Curie temperature

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Most materials that feature nontrivial band topology are spin-degenerate and three dimensional, strongly restricting them from application in spintronic nanodevices. Hence, two-dimensional (2D) intrinsically spin-polarized systems with rich topological elements are still in extreme scarcity. Here, 2D A3C2 (A = Ti, Zr, and Hf) materials with the P6m2 type structure are reported as new ferromagnetic materials with intrinsic magnetism and good stability. Unlike the Weyl nodal lines existing in nonmagnetic 2D systems, A3C2 hosts time-reversal-breaking Weyl nodal rings (two Γ-centered, one K-centered, and one K′-centered) without spin-orbit coupling (SOC). These nodal rings still remained under SOC with magnetization along the z direction (easy magnetization axis). More interestingly, the Curie temperatures (TC) of A3C2 were determined based on the Monte Carlo simulation. Ti3C2 features an extraordinary TC (above 800 K), and those of Zr3C2 and Hf3C2 are above room temperature. Therefore, A3C2 materials are excellent platforms to study magnetic Weyl nodal lines in high TC ferromagnetic 2D materials. This journal is

Publication Date


  • 2021

Citation


  • Zhou, F., Liu, Y., Kuang, M., Wang, P., Wang, J., Yang, T., . . . Zhang, G. (2021). Time-reversal-breaking Weyl nodal lines in two-dimensional A3C2(A = Ti, Zr, and Hf) intrinsically ferromagnetic materials with high Curie temperature. Nanoscale, 13(17), 8235-8241. doi:10.1039/d1nr00139f

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85105617483

Start Page


  • 8235

End Page


  • 8241

Volume


  • 13

Issue


  • 17

Abstract


  • Most materials that feature nontrivial band topology are spin-degenerate and three dimensional, strongly restricting them from application in spintronic nanodevices. Hence, two-dimensional (2D) intrinsically spin-polarized systems with rich topological elements are still in extreme scarcity. Here, 2D A3C2 (A = Ti, Zr, and Hf) materials with the P6m2 type structure are reported as new ferromagnetic materials with intrinsic magnetism and good stability. Unlike the Weyl nodal lines existing in nonmagnetic 2D systems, A3C2 hosts time-reversal-breaking Weyl nodal rings (two Γ-centered, one K-centered, and one K′-centered) without spin-orbit coupling (SOC). These nodal rings still remained under SOC with magnetization along the z direction (easy magnetization axis). More interestingly, the Curie temperatures (TC) of A3C2 were determined based on the Monte Carlo simulation. Ti3C2 features an extraordinary TC (above 800 K), and those of Zr3C2 and Hf3C2 are above room temperature. Therefore, A3C2 materials are excellent platforms to study magnetic Weyl nodal lines in high TC ferromagnetic 2D materials. This journal is

Publication Date


  • 2021

Citation


  • Zhou, F., Liu, Y., Kuang, M., Wang, P., Wang, J., Yang, T., . . . Zhang, G. (2021). Time-reversal-breaking Weyl nodal lines in two-dimensional A3C2(A = Ti, Zr, and Hf) intrinsically ferromagnetic materials with high Curie temperature. Nanoscale, 13(17), 8235-8241. doi:10.1039/d1nr00139f

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85105617483

Start Page


  • 8235

End Page


  • 8241

Volume


  • 13

Issue


  • 17