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Graphitic carbon nitride materials: Controllable synthesis and applications in fuel cells and photocatalysis

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Graphitic carbon nitrides (g-C3N4) are becoming increasingly significant due to the theoretical prediction of their unusual properties and promising applications ranging from photocatalysis, heterogeneous catalysis, to fuel cells. Recently, a variety of nanostructured and nanoporous g-C3N4 materials have been developed for a wide range of new applications. This feature article gives, at first, an overview on the synthesis of g-C3N4 nanomaterials with controllable structure and morphology, and secondly, presents and categorizes applications of g-C3N4 as multifunctional metal-free catalysts for environmental protection, energy conversion and storage. A special emphasis is placed on the potential applications of nanostructured g-C3N 4 in the areas of artificial photocatalysis for hydrogen production, oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) for fuel cells, and metal-free heterogeneous catalysis. Finally, this perspective highlights crucial issues that should be addressed in the future in the aforementioned exciting research areas. �� 2012 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

UOW Authors


  •   Liang, Ji (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2012

Citation


  • Zheng, Y., Liu, J., Liang, J., Jaroniec, M., & Qiao, S. Z. (2012). Graphitic carbon nitride materials: Controllable synthesis and applications in fuel cells and photocatalysis. Energy and Environmental Science, 5(5), 6717-6731. doi:10.1039/c2ee03479d

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84860356245

Start Page


  • 6717

End Page


  • 6731

Volume


  • 5

Issue


  • 5

Place Of Publication


Abstract


  • Graphitic carbon nitrides (g-C3N4) are becoming increasingly significant due to the theoretical prediction of their unusual properties and promising applications ranging from photocatalysis, heterogeneous catalysis, to fuel cells. Recently, a variety of nanostructured and nanoporous g-C3N4 materials have been developed for a wide range of new applications. This feature article gives, at first, an overview on the synthesis of g-C3N4 nanomaterials with controllable structure and morphology, and secondly, presents and categorizes applications of g-C3N4 as multifunctional metal-free catalysts for environmental protection, energy conversion and storage. A special emphasis is placed on the potential applications of nanostructured g-C3N 4 in the areas of artificial photocatalysis for hydrogen production, oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) for fuel cells, and metal-free heterogeneous catalysis. Finally, this perspective highlights crucial issues that should be addressed in the future in the aforementioned exciting research areas. �� 2012 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

UOW Authors


  •   Liang, Ji (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2012

Citation


  • Zheng, Y., Liu, J., Liang, J., Jaroniec, M., & Qiao, S. Z. (2012). Graphitic carbon nitride materials: Controllable synthesis and applications in fuel cells and photocatalysis. Energy and Environmental Science, 5(5), 6717-6731. doi:10.1039/c2ee03479d

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84860356245

Start Page


  • 6717

End Page


  • 6731

Volume


  • 5

Issue


  • 5

Place Of Publication