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Numerical modeling of the deformation of embedded brittle rock bodies in compressive environment during salt tectonics ��� A case study from SOSB

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Large rock inclusions (called stringers) such as carbonate or anhydrite blocks are embedded in many salt bodies. The observation from seismic data shows different ways of movement and deformation of the inclusions, including displacement, folding and fracturing. There remains much unknown about the deformation process of embedded inclusions in a compressive environment during salt tectonics. In this research, we investigate how the differential displacement of the top salt surfaced caused by downbuilding process leads to the deformation of brittle stringers located in-between two sediment pods in a compressive environment by an interative procedure with adaptive remeshing technique to detect and simulate fracture, overtrusting, folding deformation in a finite element model which is established as the generic model from the observations from South Oman Salt Basin (SOSB). The model shows that the compressive environment induces different deformation ways such as shear failure, folding and thrusting of stringers and the stringers can break soon after the onset of salt tectonics. The orientation of the possible shear failure plane (first break) determines the final complex deformation pattern. The initial depth and position of stringer (parallel or horizontal location) strongly influences the time and frequency of breaks.

Publication Date


  • 2017

Citation


  • Li, S., Urai, J. L., & Zhang, G. (2017). Numerical modeling of the deformation of embedded brittle rock bodies in compressive environment during salt tectonics ��� A case study from SOSB. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 152, 1-8. doi:10.1016/j.petrol.2017.01.053

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85013170789

Start Page


  • 1

End Page


  • 8

Volume


  • 152

Issue


Place Of Publication


Abstract


  • Large rock inclusions (called stringers) such as carbonate or anhydrite blocks are embedded in many salt bodies. The observation from seismic data shows different ways of movement and deformation of the inclusions, including displacement, folding and fracturing. There remains much unknown about the deformation process of embedded inclusions in a compressive environment during salt tectonics. In this research, we investigate how the differential displacement of the top salt surfaced caused by downbuilding process leads to the deformation of brittle stringers located in-between two sediment pods in a compressive environment by an interative procedure with adaptive remeshing technique to detect and simulate fracture, overtrusting, folding deformation in a finite element model which is established as the generic model from the observations from South Oman Salt Basin (SOSB). The model shows that the compressive environment induces different deformation ways such as shear failure, folding and thrusting of stringers and the stringers can break soon after the onset of salt tectonics. The orientation of the possible shear failure plane (first break) determines the final complex deformation pattern. The initial depth and position of stringer (parallel or horizontal location) strongly influences the time and frequency of breaks.

Publication Date


  • 2017

Citation


  • Li, S., Urai, J. L., & Zhang, G. (2017). Numerical modeling of the deformation of embedded brittle rock bodies in compressive environment during salt tectonics ��� A case study from SOSB. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 152, 1-8. doi:10.1016/j.petrol.2017.01.053

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85013170789

Start Page


  • 1

End Page


  • 8

Volume


  • 152

Issue


Place Of Publication