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Tentative phase relationships in the system CaHfTi2O7-Gd2Ti2O7 with up to 15 mol% additions of Al2TiO5 and MgTi2O5

Journal Article


Abstract


  • The phase relationships in the CaHfTi2O7-Gd2Ti2O7 (zirconolite-pyrochlore) pseudobinary system were investigated, after heating at 1500��C, because of their importance in the design of pyrochlore-rich titanate ceramics for immobilization of impure surplus plutonium. Up to 15 mol% of MgTi2O5 and Al2TiO5 were added to CaHfTi2O7-Gd2Ti2O7 compositions to elucidate the effects of divalent and trivalent impurities on the phase stability within these systems. From X-ray diffractometry analysis, scanning electron microscopy, and energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry, phase formation and compositional stability limits were evaluated. The main phases observed in these systems were pyrochlore, perovskite, and polytypes of zirconolite. The formation of the 2M-, 4M-, and 3O-zirconolite polytypes was dependent on the amount of aluminum or magnesium present. In the magnesium system, a large area of pyrochlore-only was observed, which indicated that divalent impurities of appropriate ionic size could be readily incorporated in the eightfold site of the pyrochlore. The locations of the tentative phase boundaries are discussed with respect to the chemical composition.

Publication Date


  • 2002

Citation


  • Perera, D. S., Stewart, M. W. A., Li, H., Day, R. A., & Vance, E. R. (2002). Tentative phase relationships in the system CaHfTi2O7-Gd2Ti2O7 with up to 15 mol% additions of Al2TiO5 and MgTi2O5. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 85(12), 2919-2924. doi:10.1111/j.1151-2916.2002.tb00556.x

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-0036967877

Web Of Science Accession Number


Start Page


  • 2919

End Page


  • 2924

Volume


  • 85

Issue


  • 12

Place Of Publication


Abstract


  • The phase relationships in the CaHfTi2O7-Gd2Ti2O7 (zirconolite-pyrochlore) pseudobinary system were investigated, after heating at 1500��C, because of their importance in the design of pyrochlore-rich titanate ceramics for immobilization of impure surplus plutonium. Up to 15 mol% of MgTi2O5 and Al2TiO5 were added to CaHfTi2O7-Gd2Ti2O7 compositions to elucidate the effects of divalent and trivalent impurities on the phase stability within these systems. From X-ray diffractometry analysis, scanning electron microscopy, and energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry, phase formation and compositional stability limits were evaluated. The main phases observed in these systems were pyrochlore, perovskite, and polytypes of zirconolite. The formation of the 2M-, 4M-, and 3O-zirconolite polytypes was dependent on the amount of aluminum or magnesium present. In the magnesium system, a large area of pyrochlore-only was observed, which indicated that divalent impurities of appropriate ionic size could be readily incorporated in the eightfold site of the pyrochlore. The locations of the tentative phase boundaries are discussed with respect to the chemical composition.

Publication Date


  • 2002

Citation


  • Perera, D. S., Stewart, M. W. A., Li, H., Day, R. A., & Vance, E. R. (2002). Tentative phase relationships in the system CaHfTi2O7-Gd2Ti2O7 with up to 15 mol% additions of Al2TiO5 and MgTi2O5. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 85(12), 2919-2924. doi:10.1111/j.1151-2916.2002.tb00556.x

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-0036967877

Web Of Science Accession Number


Start Page


  • 2919

End Page


  • 2924

Volume


  • 85

Issue


  • 12

Place Of Publication