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Role of the activation loop tyrosines in regulation of the insulin-like growth factor I receptor-tyrosine kinase.

Journal Article


Abstract


  • The tyrosine kinase activity of insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGF1R) is under tight control. Ligand binding to the extracellular portion of IGF1R stimulates autophosphorylation at three sites (Tyr1131, Tyr1135, and Tyr1136) in the activation loop within the tyrosine kinase catalytic domain. Autophosphorylation at all three sites is required for maximum enzyme activity, and for IGF1-stimulated cellular activity of the receptor. Previous studies have not clarified the contributions of the individual tyrosines to enzymatic activation. Here, we produced single Tyr-to-Phe mutations at these positions, and compared activities of the purified kinase domains (unphosphorylated and phosphorylated) with wild-type IGF1R. Rates of autophosphorylation of the three mutants were more rapid than for wild-type IGF1R; this was most apparent for the Y1135F mutant. Substrate phosphorylation studies on the unphosphorylated forms of IGF1R confirmed that the value of Vmax for Y1135F was elevated relative to wild-type IGF1R, consistent with a disruption of an autoinhibitory interaction. In contrast, activity measurements on the fully phosphorylated enzymes indicated that kcat/Km values were lowered relative to wild-type IGF1R; this effect was most dramatic for Y1136F. We confirmed these findings using limited proteolysis and tryptophan fluorescence experiments. The results demonstrate that Tyr1135 plays a particularly important role in stabilizing the autoinhibited conformation of the activation loop, while Tyr1136 plays the key role in stabilizing the open, activated conformation of IGF1R.

Publication Date


  • 2006

Citation


  • Li, W., & Miller, W. T. (2006). Role of the activation loop tyrosines in regulation of the insulin-like growth factor I receptor-tyrosine kinase.. The Journal of biological chemistry, 281(33), 23785-23791. doi:10.1074/jbc.m605269200

Web Of Science Accession Number


Start Page


  • 23785

End Page


  • 23791

Volume


  • 281

Issue


  • 33

Abstract


  • The tyrosine kinase activity of insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGF1R) is under tight control. Ligand binding to the extracellular portion of IGF1R stimulates autophosphorylation at three sites (Tyr1131, Tyr1135, and Tyr1136) in the activation loop within the tyrosine kinase catalytic domain. Autophosphorylation at all three sites is required for maximum enzyme activity, and for IGF1-stimulated cellular activity of the receptor. Previous studies have not clarified the contributions of the individual tyrosines to enzymatic activation. Here, we produced single Tyr-to-Phe mutations at these positions, and compared activities of the purified kinase domains (unphosphorylated and phosphorylated) with wild-type IGF1R. Rates of autophosphorylation of the three mutants were more rapid than for wild-type IGF1R; this was most apparent for the Y1135F mutant. Substrate phosphorylation studies on the unphosphorylated forms of IGF1R confirmed that the value of Vmax for Y1135F was elevated relative to wild-type IGF1R, consistent with a disruption of an autoinhibitory interaction. In contrast, activity measurements on the fully phosphorylated enzymes indicated that kcat/Km values were lowered relative to wild-type IGF1R; this effect was most dramatic for Y1136F. We confirmed these findings using limited proteolysis and tryptophan fluorescence experiments. The results demonstrate that Tyr1135 plays a particularly important role in stabilizing the autoinhibited conformation of the activation loop, while Tyr1136 plays the key role in stabilizing the open, activated conformation of IGF1R.

Publication Date


  • 2006

Citation


  • Li, W., & Miller, W. T. (2006). Role of the activation loop tyrosines in regulation of the insulin-like growth factor I receptor-tyrosine kinase.. The Journal of biological chemistry, 281(33), 23785-23791. doi:10.1074/jbc.m605269200

Web Of Science Accession Number


Start Page


  • 23785

End Page


  • 23791

Volume


  • 281

Issue


  • 33