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2D Metal Carbides and Nitrides (MXenes) as High-Performance Electrode Materials for Lithium-Based Batteries

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Tremendous efforts are devoted to developing advanced electrode materials with superior electrochemical performance, high energy density, and high power density for energy storage and conversion. Two-dimensional (2D) materials, owing to their unique properties, have shown great potential for energy storage. Following the discovery of graphene, a new family of 2D transition metal carbides/nitrides, MXenes, derived from MAX phase precursors, have attracted extensive attention in recent years. The superior physical and chemical properties of MXenes include high mechanical strength, excellent electrical conductivity, multiple possible surface terminations, hydrophilic features, superior specific surface area, and the ability to accommodate intercalants. When applied as electrodes in lithium-based batteries, MXenes have demonstrated excellent performance. In this progress report, the authors summarize the recent advances of MXenes and MXene-based composites in terms of synthesis strategies, morphology engineering, physical/chemical properties, and their applications in lithium-ion batteries and lithium–sulfur batteries. Furthermore, challenges and perspectives for MXenes and MXene-based composites for lithium-based energy storage devices are also outlined.

UOW Authors


  •   Wang, Guoxiu (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2018

Citation


  • Tang, X., Guo, X., Wu, W., & Wang, G. (2018). 2D Metal Carbides and Nitrides (MXenes) as High-Performance Electrode Materials for Lithium-Based Batteries. Advanced Energy Materials, 8(33). doi:10.1002/aenm.201801897

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85053546892

Volume


  • 8

Issue


  • 33

Abstract


  • Tremendous efforts are devoted to developing advanced electrode materials with superior electrochemical performance, high energy density, and high power density for energy storage and conversion. Two-dimensional (2D) materials, owing to their unique properties, have shown great potential for energy storage. Following the discovery of graphene, a new family of 2D transition metal carbides/nitrides, MXenes, derived from MAX phase precursors, have attracted extensive attention in recent years. The superior physical and chemical properties of MXenes include high mechanical strength, excellent electrical conductivity, multiple possible surface terminations, hydrophilic features, superior specific surface area, and the ability to accommodate intercalants. When applied as electrodes in lithium-based batteries, MXenes have demonstrated excellent performance. In this progress report, the authors summarize the recent advances of MXenes and MXene-based composites in terms of synthesis strategies, morphology engineering, physical/chemical properties, and their applications in lithium-ion batteries and lithium–sulfur batteries. Furthermore, challenges and perspectives for MXenes and MXene-based composites for lithium-based energy storage devices are also outlined.

UOW Authors


  •   Wang, Guoxiu (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2018

Citation


  • Tang, X., Guo, X., Wu, W., & Wang, G. (2018). 2D Metal Carbides and Nitrides (MXenes) as High-Performance Electrode Materials for Lithium-Based Batteries. Advanced Energy Materials, 8(33). doi:10.1002/aenm.201801897

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85053546892

Volume


  • 8

Issue


  • 33