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Edge-Functionalized g-C3N4 Nanosheets as a Highly Efficient Metal-free Photocatalyst for Safe Drinking Water

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Solar water disinfection catalyzed by metal-free photocatalyst has emerged as a promising approach for clean water production. By using the edge-functionalized graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) as photocatalytic disinfectants, we find that the pathogen-rich water can be rapidly purified in 30 min with a disinfection efficiency of over 99.9999% under visible-light irradiation, which meets the requirement for drinking water. The edge-functionalized g-C3N4 shows a first-order disinfection rate that is five times higher than the previously reported best metal-free photocatalyst but only consumes 1/10 of the catalyst. The catalytic activity is also comparable to that of the best metal-based photocatalyst. Results of the highest occupied molecular orbitals and Mulliken charge distribution reveal that the exposed –COOH and C=O groups at the edges of g-C3N4 nanosheets not only significantly promote charge separation but also induce the upward bending of the surface band, facilitating the generation of hydrogen peroxide.

UOW Authors


  •   Wang, Guoxiu (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2019

Published In


Citation


  • Teng, Z., Yang, N., Lv, H., Wang, S., Hu, M., Wang, C., . . . Wang, G. (2019). Edge-Functionalized g-C3N4 Nanosheets as a Highly Efficient Metal-free Photocatalyst for Safe Drinking Water. Chem, 5(3), 664-680. doi:10.1016/j.chempr.2018.12.009

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85062501278

Start Page


  • 664

End Page


  • 680

Volume


  • 5

Issue


  • 3

Abstract


  • Solar water disinfection catalyzed by metal-free photocatalyst has emerged as a promising approach for clean water production. By using the edge-functionalized graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) as photocatalytic disinfectants, we find that the pathogen-rich water can be rapidly purified in 30 min with a disinfection efficiency of over 99.9999% under visible-light irradiation, which meets the requirement for drinking water. The edge-functionalized g-C3N4 shows a first-order disinfection rate that is five times higher than the previously reported best metal-free photocatalyst but only consumes 1/10 of the catalyst. The catalytic activity is also comparable to that of the best metal-based photocatalyst. Results of the highest occupied molecular orbitals and Mulliken charge distribution reveal that the exposed –COOH and C=O groups at the edges of g-C3N4 nanosheets not only significantly promote charge separation but also induce the upward bending of the surface band, facilitating the generation of hydrogen peroxide.

UOW Authors


  •   Wang, Guoxiu (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2019

Published In


Citation


  • Teng, Z., Yang, N., Lv, H., Wang, S., Hu, M., Wang, C., . . . Wang, G. (2019). Edge-Functionalized g-C3N4 Nanosheets as a Highly Efficient Metal-free Photocatalyst for Safe Drinking Water. Chem, 5(3), 664-680. doi:10.1016/j.chempr.2018.12.009

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85062501278

Start Page


  • 664

End Page


  • 680

Volume


  • 5

Issue


  • 3