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Distribution of seed dormancy classes across a fire-prone continent: Effects of rainfall seasonality and temperature

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Background and Aims: Different seed dormancy classes control the timing of germination via different cues. The ecological dissimilarities between classes therefore suggest that they are likely to be subject to different selective pressures, and that species within each class will have diverse functional responses. We aimed to investigate this by assessing how variation in the distribution of dormancy classes is correlated with regional environmental factors, in particular rainfall seasonality and temperature. Additionally, we compare the relative proportions of species with physiological (PD) or physical (PY) dormancy to assess whether dormancy class influences their ability to persist under different rainfall seasonality regimes. Methods: Dormancy class was assigned for 3990 species from 281 genera occurring across two climate regions, with either winter or aseasonal rainfall, across temperate fire-prone Australia. All regions have similar vegetation and fire regimes. Using a Bayesian framework, we compared the distribution of dormancy classes across temperature and rainfall climate gradients, for threatened and common species. Key Results: A high dormant:non-dormant species ratio highlighted the critical role of dormancy across our study regions. Critically, species showing PD were more likely to be threatened in aseasonal rainfall climate regions. Conclusions: Our results support the assumption that dormancy is favoured in environments with stochastic disturbance

Publication Date


  • 2021

Citation


  • Collette, J. C., & Ooi, M. K. J. (2021). Distribution of seed dormancy classes across a fire-prone continent: Effects of rainfall seasonality and temperature. Annals of Botany, 127(5), 613-620. doi:10.1093/aob/mcaa203

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85105688528

Start Page


  • 613

End Page


  • 620

Volume


  • 127

Issue


  • 5

Place Of Publication


Abstract


  • Background and Aims: Different seed dormancy classes control the timing of germination via different cues. The ecological dissimilarities between classes therefore suggest that they are likely to be subject to different selective pressures, and that species within each class will have diverse functional responses. We aimed to investigate this by assessing how variation in the distribution of dormancy classes is correlated with regional environmental factors, in particular rainfall seasonality and temperature. Additionally, we compare the relative proportions of species with physiological (PD) or physical (PY) dormancy to assess whether dormancy class influences their ability to persist under different rainfall seasonality regimes. Methods: Dormancy class was assigned for 3990 species from 281 genera occurring across two climate regions, with either winter or aseasonal rainfall, across temperate fire-prone Australia. All regions have similar vegetation and fire regimes. Using a Bayesian framework, we compared the distribution of dormancy classes across temperature and rainfall climate gradients, for threatened and common species. Key Results: A high dormant:non-dormant species ratio highlighted the critical role of dormancy across our study regions. Critically, species showing PD were more likely to be threatened in aseasonal rainfall climate regions. Conclusions: Our results support the assumption that dormancy is favoured in environments with stochastic disturbance

Publication Date


  • 2021

Citation


  • Collette, J. C., & Ooi, M. K. J. (2021). Distribution of seed dormancy classes across a fire-prone continent: Effects of rainfall seasonality and temperature. Annals of Botany, 127(5), 613-620. doi:10.1093/aob/mcaa203

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85105688528

Start Page


  • 613

End Page


  • 620

Volume


  • 127

Issue


  • 5

Place Of Publication