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Lubricin (PRG4) Antiadhesive Coatings Mitigate Electrochemical Impedance Instabilities in Polypyrrole Bionic Electrodes Exposed to Fouling Fluids

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Surface fouling is a major problem faced by bionic implants (e.g., cochlear implants, pacemakers), where the adsorption of unwanted biomolecules has a detrimental effect on interfacial charge transfer processes, which severely impairs their capacity to sense and transmit electrical signals with high fidelity. Polypyrrole (PPy) is a conductive polymer whose naturally high impedance, ionic and electric conductivity, mechanical "softness", and biocompatibility make it a leading candidate for next-generation neural electrode interfaces. However, PPy (and related conductive polymer) surfaces are susceptible to surface fouling upon exposure to biological fluids (e.g., blood, perilymph, saliva), which compromises performance and shortens its expected working lifespan. Here, we report the ability of lubricin (LUB) coatings, a rapidly self-assembling, biological antiadhesive glycoprotein, to mitigate the harmful electrochemical effects caused by the surface fouling of electrochemically grown PPy films. LUB, a biological antiadhesive glycoprotein, undergoes rapid self-assembly and adheres strongly to most interfaces, including PPy, resulting in an easy-to-apply and highly efficacious coating. The LUB-coated PPy electrodes are electrochemically characterized, and its antifouling properties are assessed against concentrated solutions of bovine serum albumin (BSA) and following long-term exposure to artificial perilymph (AP). Periodic impedance measurement conducted over 6 days in AP solution demonstrates the high stability and capacity of the LUB coatings to maintain stable impedance values under real-world mimicking conditions.

Publication Date


  • 2020

Citation


  • Desroches, P. E., Silva, S. M., Gietman, S. W., Quigley, A. F., Kapsa, R. M. I., Moulton, S. E., & Greene, G. W. (2020). Lubricin (PRG4) Antiadhesive Coatings Mitigate Electrochemical Impedance Instabilities in Polypyrrole Bionic Electrodes Exposed to Fouling Fluids. ACS Applied Bio Materials, 3(11), 8032-8039. doi:10.1021/acsabm.0c01109

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85097084138

Start Page


  • 8032

End Page


  • 8039

Volume


  • 3

Issue


  • 11

Abstract


  • Surface fouling is a major problem faced by bionic implants (e.g., cochlear implants, pacemakers), where the adsorption of unwanted biomolecules has a detrimental effect on interfacial charge transfer processes, which severely impairs their capacity to sense and transmit electrical signals with high fidelity. Polypyrrole (PPy) is a conductive polymer whose naturally high impedance, ionic and electric conductivity, mechanical "softness", and biocompatibility make it a leading candidate for next-generation neural electrode interfaces. However, PPy (and related conductive polymer) surfaces are susceptible to surface fouling upon exposure to biological fluids (e.g., blood, perilymph, saliva), which compromises performance and shortens its expected working lifespan. Here, we report the ability of lubricin (LUB) coatings, a rapidly self-assembling, biological antiadhesive glycoprotein, to mitigate the harmful electrochemical effects caused by the surface fouling of electrochemically grown PPy films. LUB, a biological antiadhesive glycoprotein, undergoes rapid self-assembly and adheres strongly to most interfaces, including PPy, resulting in an easy-to-apply and highly efficacious coating. The LUB-coated PPy electrodes are electrochemically characterized, and its antifouling properties are assessed against concentrated solutions of bovine serum albumin (BSA) and following long-term exposure to artificial perilymph (AP). Periodic impedance measurement conducted over 6 days in AP solution demonstrates the high stability and capacity of the LUB coatings to maintain stable impedance values under real-world mimicking conditions.

Publication Date


  • 2020

Citation


  • Desroches, P. E., Silva, S. M., Gietman, S. W., Quigley, A. F., Kapsa, R. M. I., Moulton, S. E., & Greene, G. W. (2020). Lubricin (PRG4) Antiadhesive Coatings Mitigate Electrochemical Impedance Instabilities in Polypyrrole Bionic Electrodes Exposed to Fouling Fluids. ACS Applied Bio Materials, 3(11), 8032-8039. doi:10.1021/acsabm.0c01109

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85097084138

Start Page


  • 8032

End Page


  • 8039

Volume


  • 3

Issue


  • 11