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Contact metamorphism of pelitic, psammitic and calcareous sediments in the Southern Highlands of New South Wales

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Contact metamorphism has been recognized along a 4 km wide belt adjacent to the shallow-dipping eastern margin of the Arthursleigh Tonalite, an Early Devonian pluton of the Marulan Batholith, eastern New South Wales. In Ordovician psammitic and pelitic rocks three zones of progressive contact metamorphism range from muscovite + biotite + chlorite assemblages in the outer zone to K-feldspar + cordierite assemblages adjacent to the pluton and in metasedimentary xenoliths. Retrograde phenomena include extensive replacement of metamorphic minerals by 'sericite' and chlorite. Calcareous metasediments adjacent to the tonalite typically contain assemblages of quartz + calcic plagioclase + ferrosalite + sphene, or wollastonite + calcite + diopside with minor grossularite and vesuvianite. Thermal effects in volcanic rocks along the western margin of the pluton are confined to recrystallization of the groundmass. The regional geology indicates confining pressures of approximately 1 kbar at the time of emplacement of the tonalite. Contact metamorphic temperatures were estimated from two-feldspar geothermometry to attain a maximum of approximately 590°C for rocks in the innermost zone of the aureole and 700°C for the xenoliths. Fluid compositions attending progressive contact metamorphism were water-rich (Xco2<0.2) and, during cooling, these fluids probably account for the extensive retrograde hydration observed in the aureole. © Taylor & Francis Ltd.

UOW Authors


Publication Date


  • 1988

Citation


  • Chenhall, B. E., Jones, B. G., & Carr, P. F. (1988). Contact metamorphism of pelitic, psammitic and calcareous sediments in the Southern Highlands of New South Wales. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 35(3), 389-401. doi:10.1080/08120098808729456

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-0024194065

Start Page


  • 389

End Page


  • 401

Volume


  • 35

Issue


  • 3

Abstract


  • Contact metamorphism has been recognized along a 4 km wide belt adjacent to the shallow-dipping eastern margin of the Arthursleigh Tonalite, an Early Devonian pluton of the Marulan Batholith, eastern New South Wales. In Ordovician psammitic and pelitic rocks three zones of progressive contact metamorphism range from muscovite + biotite + chlorite assemblages in the outer zone to K-feldspar + cordierite assemblages adjacent to the pluton and in metasedimentary xenoliths. Retrograde phenomena include extensive replacement of metamorphic minerals by 'sericite' and chlorite. Calcareous metasediments adjacent to the tonalite typically contain assemblages of quartz + calcic plagioclase + ferrosalite + sphene, or wollastonite + calcite + diopside with minor grossularite and vesuvianite. Thermal effects in volcanic rocks along the western margin of the pluton are confined to recrystallization of the groundmass. The regional geology indicates confining pressures of approximately 1 kbar at the time of emplacement of the tonalite. Contact metamorphic temperatures were estimated from two-feldspar geothermometry to attain a maximum of approximately 590°C for rocks in the innermost zone of the aureole and 700°C for the xenoliths. Fluid compositions attending progressive contact metamorphism were water-rich (Xco2<0.2) and, during cooling, these fluids probably account for the extensive retrograde hydration observed in the aureole. © Taylor & Francis Ltd.

UOW Authors


Publication Date


  • 1988

Citation


  • Chenhall, B. E., Jones, B. G., & Carr, P. F. (1988). Contact metamorphism of pelitic, psammitic and calcareous sediments in the Southern Highlands of New South Wales. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 35(3), 389-401. doi:10.1080/08120098808729456

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-0024194065

Start Page


  • 389

End Page


  • 401

Volume


  • 35

Issue


  • 3