Hierarchical CuCo2O4 microflowers (CCFs) self-assembled by thin and porous nanosheets were synthesized by a simple solvothermal reaction followed by a low-temperature calcination. The porous nanosheets not only shorten the Li-ion diffusion distances and tolerate the volume variation upon cycling, but also enhance the transportation of oxygen and Li+ ions, and have abundance of active sites on the surface. Thus, it has been explored as the superior anode material in Li-ion batteries and as the cathode catalyst in Li-O2 batteries. Both of applications exhibit the remarkable electrochemical properties. In lithium ion batteries, CuCo2O4 micro-flowers deliver a specific lithium storage capacity of 871 mA h g-1, after 300 cycles at 100 mA g-1. Even at a high rate of 1 A g-1, the reversible capacity of the CuCo2O4 microflowers still remains at 612 mA h g-1 after 500 cycles. In Li-O2 batteries, CuCo2O4 microflowers as the cathode catalyst last 120 cycles, much longer than highly aggregated CuCo2O4 and pure carbon.