Purpose: Pazopanib, an oral angiogenesis inhibitor, is approved for the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Response to pazopanib monotherapy varies between patients, and no validated biomarkers predictive of treatment outcome have been identified. We tested the hypothesis that this variability is partially dependent on germline genetic variants that may affect pazopanib exposure or angiogenesis pathways. Patients and Methods: Twenty-seven functional polymorphisms within 13 genes were evaluated in 397 patients with RCC. Genetic association with progression-free survival (PFS) and objective response rate (RR) was analyzed using the Cox proportional hazards model and proportional odds model, respectively. Results: Three polymorphisms in IL8 and HIF1A and five polymorphisms in HIF1A, NR1I2, and VEGFA showed nominally significant association (P ��� .05) with PFS and RR, respectively. Compared with the wild-type AA genotype (median PFS, 48 weeks), the IL8 2767TT variant genotype showed inferior PFS (27 weeks, P = .009). The HIF1A 1790AG genotype was associated with inferior PFS and reduced RR, compared with the wild-type GG genotype (median PFS, 20 v 44 weeks; P = .03; RR, 30% v 43%, P = .02). Reductions in RR were detected for the NR1I2 -25385TT genotype, compared with the wild-type CC genotype (37% v 50%, P = .03), and for the VEGFA -1498CC genotype compared with the TT genotypes (33% v 51%). Conclusion: Germline variants in angiogenesis- and exposure-related genes may predict treatment response to pazopanib monotherapy in patients with RCC. If validated, these markers may explain why certain patients fail antiangiogenesis therapy and they may support the use of alternative strategies to circumvent this issue. �� 2011 by American Society of Clinical Oncology.