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Age and emotional salience of stimuli alter the expression of visual recognition memory

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Recognition memory is typically demonstrated in the Visual Paired Comparison (VPC) task when infants display a preference for looking at a novel stimulus compared to a stimulus which they have been recently habituated. Events occurring during the habituation period may, however, alter the expression of a visual preference from novelty to familiarity. The present study examined the effect of emotionally salient habituation stimuli on the expression of recognition memory. Eighty infants aged between 6- and 24-months were habituated to an interactive glove puppet. Visual recognition memory was tested immediately with static pictures of the familiar and a novel puppet. The expected novelty preference was notably absent in 6-, 9- and 12-month-old infants. Eighteen- and 24-month-old infants exhibited a visual preference for the familiar stimulus. Familiarity preferences appear to be an important measure of recognition memory that evolve with age and social competence across the infancy period.

Publication Date


  • 2007

Citation


  • Brown, A., Robinson, A., Herbert, J. S., & Pascalis, O. (2007). Age and emotional salience of stimuli alter the expression of visual recognition memory. Current Psychology Letters: Behaviour, Brain and Cognition, 3(20).

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-33847695345

Web Of Science Accession Number


Volume


  • 3

Issue


  • 20

Abstract


  • Recognition memory is typically demonstrated in the Visual Paired Comparison (VPC) task when infants display a preference for looking at a novel stimulus compared to a stimulus which they have been recently habituated. Events occurring during the habituation period may, however, alter the expression of a visual preference from novelty to familiarity. The present study examined the effect of emotionally salient habituation stimuli on the expression of recognition memory. Eighty infants aged between 6- and 24-months were habituated to an interactive glove puppet. Visual recognition memory was tested immediately with static pictures of the familiar and a novel puppet. The expected novelty preference was notably absent in 6-, 9- and 12-month-old infants. Eighteen- and 24-month-old infants exhibited a visual preference for the familiar stimulus. Familiarity preferences appear to be an important measure of recognition memory that evolve with age and social competence across the infancy period.

Publication Date


  • 2007

Citation


  • Brown, A., Robinson, A., Herbert, J. S., & Pascalis, O. (2007). Age and emotional salience of stimuli alter the expression of visual recognition memory. Current Psychology Letters: Behaviour, Brain and Cognition, 3(20).

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-33847695345

Web Of Science Accession Number


Volume


  • 3

Issue


  • 20