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Diversity and extinction patterns of Permian brachiopoda of South China

Journal Article


Abstract


  • The stratigraphical and geographical distribution of 851 brachiopod species from 216 genera and 65 families in the Permian of South China are analysed. It is revealed that the brachiopod diversity underwent two sharp falls during the Permian. The first occurred at the end of Maokouan, accompaning the widely recognised, extensive regression across the Maokouan-Wujiapingian boundary. Fifty-seven species of 29 genera survived this first major extinction event. The second sharp reduction of brachiopod diversity took place in the later Changhsingian, with only 17 Permian-type brachiopod species of 12 genera straggling into the earliest Triassic. Detailed stratigraphic analysis shows that more than 90% of the Changhsingian brachiopod species disappeared at different levels in the Changhsingian before the widely perceived end-Permian 'mass extinction' occurred. It is also notable that each of the step-wise diversity reduction events was apparently heterochronous. In view of the evidence from lithologies, faunal components and geochemical analyses, the two sharp falls of Permian brachiopod diversity in South China are considered to be closely related to multiple interactions of an environmental deterioration caused by large-scale regressions.

Publication Date


  • 1996

Citation


  • Shen, S., & Shi, G. R. (1996). Diversity and extinction patterns of Permian brachiopoda of South China. Historical Biology, 12(2), 93-110. doi:10.1080/08912969609386558

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-0030432725

Web Of Science Accession Number


Start Page


  • 93

End Page


  • 110

Volume


  • 12

Issue


  • 2

Abstract


  • The stratigraphical and geographical distribution of 851 brachiopod species from 216 genera and 65 families in the Permian of South China are analysed. It is revealed that the brachiopod diversity underwent two sharp falls during the Permian. The first occurred at the end of Maokouan, accompaning the widely recognised, extensive regression across the Maokouan-Wujiapingian boundary. Fifty-seven species of 29 genera survived this first major extinction event. The second sharp reduction of brachiopod diversity took place in the later Changhsingian, with only 17 Permian-type brachiopod species of 12 genera straggling into the earliest Triassic. Detailed stratigraphic analysis shows that more than 90% of the Changhsingian brachiopod species disappeared at different levels in the Changhsingian before the widely perceived end-Permian 'mass extinction' occurred. It is also notable that each of the step-wise diversity reduction events was apparently heterochronous. In view of the evidence from lithologies, faunal components and geochemical analyses, the two sharp falls of Permian brachiopod diversity in South China are considered to be closely related to multiple interactions of an environmental deterioration caused by large-scale regressions.

Publication Date


  • 1996

Citation


  • Shen, S., & Shi, G. R. (1996). Diversity and extinction patterns of Permian brachiopoda of South China. Historical Biology, 12(2), 93-110. doi:10.1080/08912969609386558

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-0030432725

Web Of Science Accession Number


Start Page


  • 93

End Page


  • 110

Volume


  • 12

Issue


  • 2