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Optimisation of monolithic nanocomposite and transparent ceramic scintillation detectors for positron emission tomography

Journal Article


Abstract


  • High-resolution arrays of discrete monocrystalline scintillators used for gamma photon coincidence detection in PET are costly and complex to fabricate, and exhibit intrinsically non-uniform sensitivity with respect to emission angle. Nanocomposites and transparent ceramics are two alternative classes of scintillator materials which can be formed into large monolithic structures, and which, when coupled to optical photodetector arrays, may offer a pathway to low cost, high-sensitivity, high-resolution PET. However, due to their high optical attenuation and scattering relative to monocrystalline scintillators, these materials exhibit an inherent trade-off between detection sensitivity and the number of scintillation photons which reach the optical photodetectors. In this work, a method for optimising scintillator thickness to maximise the probability of locating the point of interaction of 511 keV photons in a monolithic scintillator within a specified error bound is proposed and evaluated for five nanocomposite materials (LaBr3:Ce-polystyrene, Gd2O3-polyvinyl toluene, LaF3:Ce-polystyrene, LaF3:Ce-oleic acid and YAG:Ce-polystyrene) and four ceramics (GAGG:Ce, GLuGAG:Ce, GYGAG:Ce and LuAG:Pr). LaF3:Ce-polystyrene and GLuGAG:Ce were the best-performing nanocomposite and ceramic materials, respectively, with maximum sensitivities of 48.8% and 67.8% for 5 mm localisation accuracy with scintillator thicknesses of 42.6 mm and 27.5 mm, respectively.

Publication Date


  • 2020

Citation


  • Wilson, K. J., Alabd, R., Abolhasan, M., Safavi-Naeini, M., & Franklin, D. R. (2020). Optimisation of monolithic nanocomposite and transparent ceramic scintillation detectors for positron emission tomography. Scientific Reports, 10(1). doi:10.1038/s41598-020-58208-y

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85078690259

Volume


  • 10

Issue


  • 1

Abstract


  • High-resolution arrays of discrete monocrystalline scintillators used for gamma photon coincidence detection in PET are costly and complex to fabricate, and exhibit intrinsically non-uniform sensitivity with respect to emission angle. Nanocomposites and transparent ceramics are two alternative classes of scintillator materials which can be formed into large monolithic structures, and which, when coupled to optical photodetector arrays, may offer a pathway to low cost, high-sensitivity, high-resolution PET. However, due to their high optical attenuation and scattering relative to monocrystalline scintillators, these materials exhibit an inherent trade-off between detection sensitivity and the number of scintillation photons which reach the optical photodetectors. In this work, a method for optimising scintillator thickness to maximise the probability of locating the point of interaction of 511 keV photons in a monolithic scintillator within a specified error bound is proposed and evaluated for five nanocomposite materials (LaBr3:Ce-polystyrene, Gd2O3-polyvinyl toluene, LaF3:Ce-polystyrene, LaF3:Ce-oleic acid and YAG:Ce-polystyrene) and four ceramics (GAGG:Ce, GLuGAG:Ce, GYGAG:Ce and LuAG:Pr). LaF3:Ce-polystyrene and GLuGAG:Ce were the best-performing nanocomposite and ceramic materials, respectively, with maximum sensitivities of 48.8% and 67.8% for 5 mm localisation accuracy with scintillator thicknesses of 42.6 mm and 27.5 mm, respectively.

Publication Date


  • 2020

Citation


  • Wilson, K. J., Alabd, R., Abolhasan, M., Safavi-Naeini, M., & Franklin, D. R. (2020). Optimisation of monolithic nanocomposite and transparent ceramic scintillation detectors for positron emission tomography. Scientific Reports, 10(1). doi:10.1038/s41598-020-58208-y

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85078690259

Volume


  • 10

Issue


  • 1