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An in-depth insight of a highly reversible and dendrite-free Zn metal anode in an hybrid electrolyte

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Zn metal is considered as one of the most promising anodes for aqueous high-energy batteries owing to its high theoretical capacity, low redox potential, abundant resource, and low toxicity. However, Zn metal anodes (ZMAs) still suffer from a few challenging problems such as low irreversibility and dendrite growth during plating/stripping. In this study, we identify and quantify the composition of inactive Zn responsible for capacity loss, which shows that it contains 57 mol% of unreacted Zn0and 43 mol% Zn-containing byproducts. Based on this quantitative result, we developed an environmentally friendly water/glycerol hybrid electrolyte, which enable the dendrite-free plating/stripping of Zn with a high coulombic efficiency of 97.6% over 500 cycles. A symmetric Zn���Zn cell can be repeatedly plated/stripped for more than 1500 h at 1 mA cm���2. Glycerol can suppress the side reactions caused by water in the hybrid electrolyte because of the strong binding interactions between glycerol and the Zn metal. The molecular-scale modeling simulations and electrochemical analysis reveal that the dense and uniform Zn electro-deposition is related to the Zn2+-solvation-sheath structure. The fundamental understanding of ZMAs in aqueous and hybrid electrolytes opens a viable route for the highly efficient utilization of Zn with high efficiency and safety.

Publication Date


  • 2021

Citation


  • Zhang, Y., Zhu, M., Wu, K., Yu, F., Wang, G., Xu, G., . . . Wu, C. (2021). An in-depth insight of a highly reversible and dendrite-free Zn metal anode in an hybrid electrolyte. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 9(7), 4253-4261. doi:10.1039/d0ta11668h

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85101534963

Start Page


  • 4253

End Page


  • 4261

Volume


  • 9

Issue


  • 7

Place Of Publication


Abstract


  • Zn metal is considered as one of the most promising anodes for aqueous high-energy batteries owing to its high theoretical capacity, low redox potential, abundant resource, and low toxicity. However, Zn metal anodes (ZMAs) still suffer from a few challenging problems such as low irreversibility and dendrite growth during plating/stripping. In this study, we identify and quantify the composition of inactive Zn responsible for capacity loss, which shows that it contains 57 mol% of unreacted Zn0and 43 mol% Zn-containing byproducts. Based on this quantitative result, we developed an environmentally friendly water/glycerol hybrid electrolyte, which enable the dendrite-free plating/stripping of Zn with a high coulombic efficiency of 97.6% over 500 cycles. A symmetric Zn���Zn cell can be repeatedly plated/stripped for more than 1500 h at 1 mA cm���2. Glycerol can suppress the side reactions caused by water in the hybrid electrolyte because of the strong binding interactions between glycerol and the Zn metal. The molecular-scale modeling simulations and electrochemical analysis reveal that the dense and uniform Zn electro-deposition is related to the Zn2+-solvation-sheath structure. The fundamental understanding of ZMAs in aqueous and hybrid electrolytes opens a viable route for the highly efficient utilization of Zn with high efficiency and safety.

Publication Date


  • 2021

Citation


  • Zhang, Y., Zhu, M., Wu, K., Yu, F., Wang, G., Xu, G., . . . Wu, C. (2021). An in-depth insight of a highly reversible and dendrite-free Zn metal anode in an hybrid electrolyte. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 9(7), 4253-4261. doi:10.1039/d0ta11668h

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85101534963

Start Page


  • 4253

End Page


  • 4261

Volume


  • 9

Issue


  • 7

Place Of Publication