A polymorphism in intron 8 of the presenilin-1 (PS-1) gene has been demonstrated to increase the risk for developing late-onset Alzheimer disease (AD). Conflicting results exist for the association between this intronic polymorphism and AD probably due to variations in the PS-1 gene among different ethnic groups. We investigated the genetic association between this intronic polymorphism in the PS-1 gene and AD in a homogenous group of German Caucasians. The control group consisted of healthy subjects and depressed patients. There were no significant differences in the distribution of the PS-1 genotypes and allele frequencies between AD patients and controls. Our data do not support an association between the intronic polymorphism of the PS-1 gene and AD and there was no interaction between the PS-1 genotype and apolipoprotein E ��4 allele. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V.