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A photocatalyst of sulphur depleted monolayered molybdenum sulfide nanocrystals for dye degradation and hydrogen evolution reaction

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) has a theoretical catalytic activity comparable to Pt but in practice is a poor catalyst in bulk form due to the scarcity of metal edge sites and low electrical conductivity. Recent developments on MoS2 monolayers (MLs) are more encouraging in developing cheap and efficient catalysts, but the majority metal atoms are on the basal plane and catalytically inactive. The rapid recombination of the electron-hole pairs and electronic band structure of the most stable 2H-MoS2 MLs are also unsuitable for efficient photocatalysis, especially for solar-driven water splitting. Here, we show that reducing the lateral size and creating sulphur (S) vacancies of MoS2 MLs not only increases dramatically the density of catalytically active sites, but also adjusts the band structure to become highly suitable for solar-driven catalysis. In addition, this preparation efficiently avoids fast charge recombination associated with MoS2, improves light harvesting, and gives a newly formed metallic state to transfer electrons for photocatalytic reactions. By way of example, we have demonstrated remarkable photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue (MB) and methylene orange (MO) dyes using the S-depleted Mo-S nanocrystals (NCs, 2���25��nm). The NCs are also promising to efficiently generate hydrogen (H2) from water with sacrificial reagents and solar light irradiation. Our study shows how careful design and modification of materials can result in highly efficient photocatalysts, which give considerable opportunities of the transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) beyond just MoS2 to develop highly efficient and economic catalysts.

UOW Authors


  •   Lin, Liangxu (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2017

Citation


  • Lin, L., Miao, N., Huang, J., Zhang, S., Zhu, Y., Horsell, D. D., . . . Allwood, D. A. (2017). A photocatalyst of sulphur depleted monolayered molybdenum sulfide nanocrystals for dye degradation and hydrogen evolution reaction. Nano Energy, 38, 544-552. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2017.06.008

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85021068126

Start Page


  • 544

End Page


  • 552

Volume


  • 38

Issue


Place Of Publication


Abstract


  • Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) has a theoretical catalytic activity comparable to Pt but in practice is a poor catalyst in bulk form due to the scarcity of metal edge sites and low electrical conductivity. Recent developments on MoS2 monolayers (MLs) are more encouraging in developing cheap and efficient catalysts, but the majority metal atoms are on the basal plane and catalytically inactive. The rapid recombination of the electron-hole pairs and electronic band structure of the most stable 2H-MoS2 MLs are also unsuitable for efficient photocatalysis, especially for solar-driven water splitting. Here, we show that reducing the lateral size and creating sulphur (S) vacancies of MoS2 MLs not only increases dramatically the density of catalytically active sites, but also adjusts the band structure to become highly suitable for solar-driven catalysis. In addition, this preparation efficiently avoids fast charge recombination associated with MoS2, improves light harvesting, and gives a newly formed metallic state to transfer electrons for photocatalytic reactions. By way of example, we have demonstrated remarkable photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue (MB) and methylene orange (MO) dyes using the S-depleted Mo-S nanocrystals (NCs, 2���25��nm). The NCs are also promising to efficiently generate hydrogen (H2) from water with sacrificial reagents and solar light irradiation. Our study shows how careful design and modification of materials can result in highly efficient photocatalysts, which give considerable opportunities of the transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) beyond just MoS2 to develop highly efficient and economic catalysts.

UOW Authors


  •   Lin, Liangxu (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2017

Citation


  • Lin, L., Miao, N., Huang, J., Zhang, S., Zhu, Y., Horsell, D. D., . . . Allwood, D. A. (2017). A photocatalyst of sulphur depleted monolayered molybdenum sulfide nanocrystals for dye degradation and hydrogen evolution reaction. Nano Energy, 38, 544-552. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2017.06.008

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85021068126

Start Page


  • 544

End Page


  • 552

Volume


  • 38

Issue


Place Of Publication