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Processing and characterization of a novel nonporous poly(vinilidene fluoride) films in the β phase

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) has remarkable properties leading to electro-optics, electro-mechanical and biomedical applications. In particular, its piezo- and pyroelectric properties provide possibilities for many technological applications. The semicrystalline nature of PVDF, combined with the occurrence of at least four crystalline phases implies a complicated physical microstructure. The most frequently described and important phase is the β phase. The piezo- and pyroelectric properties mainly depend on this phase, so increasing the β phase content has always been a great concern. It is possible to obtain films in the β phase by solution but this material presents a high porosity leading to an opaque appearance and a decrease of the mechanical and electrical properties. In this work, porous films in the β phase were obtained directly from the solution at 60 °C. After applying pressure perpendicular to the surface of the film at elevated temperature, the pores in the original sample are eliminated. The changes on the morphology and crystallinity associated to the pressure treatment were also studied. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Publication Date


  • 2006

Citation


  • Sencadas, V., Gregorio Filho, R., & Lanceros-Mendez, S. (2006). Processing and characterization of a novel nonporous poly(vinilidene fluoride) films in the β phase. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 352(21-22), 2226-2229. doi:10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2006.02.052

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-33745452119

Start Page


  • 2226

End Page


  • 2229

Volume


  • 352

Issue


  • 21-22

Abstract


  • Poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) has remarkable properties leading to electro-optics, electro-mechanical and biomedical applications. In particular, its piezo- and pyroelectric properties provide possibilities for many technological applications. The semicrystalline nature of PVDF, combined with the occurrence of at least four crystalline phases implies a complicated physical microstructure. The most frequently described and important phase is the β phase. The piezo- and pyroelectric properties mainly depend on this phase, so increasing the β phase content has always been a great concern. It is possible to obtain films in the β phase by solution but this material presents a high porosity leading to an opaque appearance and a decrease of the mechanical and electrical properties. In this work, porous films in the β phase were obtained directly from the solution at 60 °C. After applying pressure perpendicular to the surface of the film at elevated temperature, the pores in the original sample are eliminated. The changes on the morphology and crystallinity associated to the pressure treatment were also studied. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Publication Date


  • 2006

Citation


  • Sencadas, V., Gregorio Filho, R., & Lanceros-Mendez, S. (2006). Processing and characterization of a novel nonporous poly(vinilidene fluoride) films in the β phase. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 352(21-22), 2226-2229. doi:10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2006.02.052

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-33745452119

Start Page


  • 2226

End Page


  • 2229

Volume


  • 352

Issue


  • 21-22