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Clonality of mouse and human cardiomyogenesis in vivo

Journal Article


Abstract


  • An analysis of the clonality of cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs) and myocyte turnover in vivo requires genetic tagging of the undifferentiated cells so that the clonal marker of individual mother cells is traced in the specialized progeny. CPC niches in the atria and apex of the mouse heart were infected with a lentivirus carrying EGFP, and the destiny of the tagged cells was determined 1-5 months later. A common integration site was identified in isolated CPCs, cardiomyocytes, endothelial cells (ECs), and fibroblasts, documenting CPC self-renewal and multipotentiality and the clonal origin of the differentiated cell populations. Subsequently, the degree of EGFP-lentiviral infection of CPCs was evaluated 2-4 days after injection, and the number of myocytes expressing the reporter gene was measured 6 months later. A BrdU pulse-chasing protocol was also introduced as an additional assay for the analysis of myocyte turnover. Over a period of 6 months, each EGFP-positive CPC divided approximately eight times generating 230 cardiomyocytes; this value was consistent with the number of newly formed cells labeled by BrdU. To determine whether, human CPCs (hCPCs) are self-renewing and multipotent, these cells were transduced with the EGFP-lentivirus and injected after acute myocardial infarction in immunosuppressed rats. hCPCs, myocytes, ECs, and fibroblasts collected from the regenerated myocardium showed common viral integration sites in the human genome. Thus, our results indicate that the adult heart contains a pool of resident stem cells that regulate cardiac homeostasis and repair.

UOW Authors


  •   Castro Cabral-da-Silva, Mauricio (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2009

Citation


  • Hosoda, T., D'Amario, D., Cabral-Da-Silva, M. C., Hanqiao, Z., Padin-Iruegas, M. E., Ogorek, B., . . . Leri, A. (2009). Clonality of mouse and human cardiomyogenesis in vivo. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(40), 17169-17174. doi:10.1073/pnas.0903089106

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-70350132605

Start Page


  • 17169

End Page


  • 17174

Volume


  • 106

Issue


  • 40

Place Of Publication


Abstract


  • An analysis of the clonality of cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs) and myocyte turnover in vivo requires genetic tagging of the undifferentiated cells so that the clonal marker of individual mother cells is traced in the specialized progeny. CPC niches in the atria and apex of the mouse heart were infected with a lentivirus carrying EGFP, and the destiny of the tagged cells was determined 1-5 months later. A common integration site was identified in isolated CPCs, cardiomyocytes, endothelial cells (ECs), and fibroblasts, documenting CPC self-renewal and multipotentiality and the clonal origin of the differentiated cell populations. Subsequently, the degree of EGFP-lentiviral infection of CPCs was evaluated 2-4 days after injection, and the number of myocytes expressing the reporter gene was measured 6 months later. A BrdU pulse-chasing protocol was also introduced as an additional assay for the analysis of myocyte turnover. Over a period of 6 months, each EGFP-positive CPC divided approximately eight times generating 230 cardiomyocytes; this value was consistent with the number of newly formed cells labeled by BrdU. To determine whether, human CPCs (hCPCs) are self-renewing and multipotent, these cells were transduced with the EGFP-lentivirus and injected after acute myocardial infarction in immunosuppressed rats. hCPCs, myocytes, ECs, and fibroblasts collected from the regenerated myocardium showed common viral integration sites in the human genome. Thus, our results indicate that the adult heart contains a pool of resident stem cells that regulate cardiac homeostasis and repair.

UOW Authors


  •   Castro Cabral-da-Silva, Mauricio (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2009

Citation


  • Hosoda, T., D'Amario, D., Cabral-Da-Silva, M. C., Hanqiao, Z., Padin-Iruegas, M. E., Ogorek, B., . . . Leri, A. (2009). Clonality of mouse and human cardiomyogenesis in vivo. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(40), 17169-17174. doi:10.1073/pnas.0903089106

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-70350132605

Start Page


  • 17169

End Page


  • 17174

Volume


  • 106

Issue


  • 40

Place Of Publication