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Microstructures and mechanical properties of friction stir welds on 9% Cr reduced activation ferritic/martensitic steel

Journal Article


Abstract


  • In this study, the microstructures and mechanical properties of 9%Cr reduced activation ferritic/martensitic (RAFM) steel friction stir welded joints were investigated. When a W-Re tool is used, the recommended welding parameters are 300 rpm rotational speed, 60 mm/min welding speed and 10 kn axial force. In stir zone (SZ), austenite dynamic recrystallization induced by plastic deformation and the high cooling rates lead to an obvious refinement of prior austenite grains and martensite laths. The microstructure in SZ contains lath martensite with high dislocation density, a lot of nano-sized MX and M3C phase particles, but almost no M23C6 precipitates. In thermal mechanically affect zone (TMAZ) and heat affect zone (HAZ), refinement of prior austenite and martensitic laths and partial dissolution of M23C6 precipitates are obtained at relatively low rotational speed. However, with the increase of heat input, coarsening of martensitic laths, prior austenite grains, and complete dissolution of M23C6 precipitates are achieved. Impact toughness of SZ at −20 °C is slightly lower than that of base material (BM), and exhibits a decreasing trend with the increase of rotational speed.

Publication Date


  • 2018

Citation


  • Zhang, C., Cui, L., Liu, Y., Liu, C., & Li, H. (2018). Microstructures and mechanical properties of friction stir welds on 9% Cr reduced activation ferritic/martensitic steel. Journal of Materials Science and Technology, 34(5), 756-766. doi:10.1016/j.jmst.2017.11.049

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85037718671

Web Of Science Accession Number


Start Page


  • 756

End Page


  • 766

Volume


  • 34

Issue


  • 5

Abstract


  • In this study, the microstructures and mechanical properties of 9%Cr reduced activation ferritic/martensitic (RAFM) steel friction stir welded joints were investigated. When a W-Re tool is used, the recommended welding parameters are 300 rpm rotational speed, 60 mm/min welding speed and 10 kn axial force. In stir zone (SZ), austenite dynamic recrystallization induced by plastic deformation and the high cooling rates lead to an obvious refinement of prior austenite grains and martensite laths. The microstructure in SZ contains lath martensite with high dislocation density, a lot of nano-sized MX and M3C phase particles, but almost no M23C6 precipitates. In thermal mechanically affect zone (TMAZ) and heat affect zone (HAZ), refinement of prior austenite and martensitic laths and partial dissolution of M23C6 precipitates are obtained at relatively low rotational speed. However, with the increase of heat input, coarsening of martensitic laths, prior austenite grains, and complete dissolution of M23C6 precipitates are achieved. Impact toughness of SZ at −20 °C is slightly lower than that of base material (BM), and exhibits a decreasing trend with the increase of rotational speed.

Publication Date


  • 2018

Citation


  • Zhang, C., Cui, L., Liu, Y., Liu, C., & Li, H. (2018). Microstructures and mechanical properties of friction stir welds on 9% Cr reduced activation ferritic/martensitic steel. Journal of Materials Science and Technology, 34(5), 756-766. doi:10.1016/j.jmst.2017.11.049

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85037718671

Web Of Science Accession Number


Start Page


  • 756

End Page


  • 766

Volume


  • 34

Issue


  • 5