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The metallurgical bonding and high temperature tensile behaviors of 9Cr-1W steel and 316L steel dissimilar joint by friction stir welding

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Dissimilar welded joints of 9Cr-1W reduced activation ferritic/martensitic (RAFM) steel and 316 L austenitic stainless steel were made by friction stir welding (FSW) with optimized welding parameters. In stir zone (SZ), mechanically mixing and metallurgical bonding of the two materials are observed. A α + γ two-phase microstructure is observed nearby the bonding interface characterized by diffusion of Cr and Ni from 316 L steel side to RAFM steel side during FSW process. The grain size and dislocation density of the SZ 316 L in are critical for high temperature tensile behavior of the joint. Reducing the rotational speed or placing 316 L at AS could enhance the grain refining, but lead to the increase of the dislocation density of SZ 316 L. The tensile properties of the joint at 550℃ are 297.5 MPa yield strength, 546.5 MPa ultimate tensile strength and 17.5% elongation.

Publication Date


  • 2019

Citation


  • He, B., Cui, L., Wang, D., Liu, Y., Liu, C., & Li, H. (2019). The metallurgical bonding and high temperature tensile behaviors of 9Cr-1W steel and 316L steel dissimilar joint by friction stir welding. Journal of Manufacturing Processes, 44, 241-251. doi:10.1016/j.jmapro.2019.05.033

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85067349999

Web Of Science Accession Number


Start Page


  • 241

End Page


  • 251

Volume


  • 44

Abstract


  • Dissimilar welded joints of 9Cr-1W reduced activation ferritic/martensitic (RAFM) steel and 316 L austenitic stainless steel were made by friction stir welding (FSW) with optimized welding parameters. In stir zone (SZ), mechanically mixing and metallurgical bonding of the two materials are observed. A α + γ two-phase microstructure is observed nearby the bonding interface characterized by diffusion of Cr and Ni from 316 L steel side to RAFM steel side during FSW process. The grain size and dislocation density of the SZ 316 L in are critical for high temperature tensile behavior of the joint. Reducing the rotational speed or placing 316 L at AS could enhance the grain refining, but lead to the increase of the dislocation density of SZ 316 L. The tensile properties of the joint at 550℃ are 297.5 MPa yield strength, 546.5 MPa ultimate tensile strength and 17.5% elongation.

Publication Date


  • 2019

Citation


  • He, B., Cui, L., Wang, D., Liu, Y., Liu, C., & Li, H. (2019). The metallurgical bonding and high temperature tensile behaviors of 9Cr-1W steel and 316L steel dissimilar joint by friction stir welding. Journal of Manufacturing Processes, 44, 241-251. doi:10.1016/j.jmapro.2019.05.033

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85067349999

Web Of Science Accession Number


Start Page


  • 241

End Page


  • 251

Volume


  • 44