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An ¿-cyanostilbene derivative for the enhanced detection and imaging of amyloid fibril aggregates

Journal Article


Abstract


  • The aggregation of proteins into amyloid fibrils has been implicated in the pathogenesis of a variety of neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease. Benzothiazole dyes such as Thioflavin T (ThT) are well characterised and widely used fluorescent probes for monitoring amyloid fibril formation. However, existing dyes lack sensitivity and specificity to oligomeric intermediates formed during fibril formation. In this work we describe the use of an α-cyanostilbene derivative with aggregation-induced emission properties (called ASCP) as a fluorescent probe for the detection of amyloid fibrils. Similar to ThT, ASCP is fluorogenic in the presence of amyloid fibrils and upon binding and excitation at 460 nm produces a red-shifted emission with a large Stokes shift of 145 nm. ASCP has a higher binding affinity to fibrillar α-synuclein than ThT and likely shares the same binding sites to amyloid fibrils. Importantly, ASCP was found to also be fluorogenic in the presence of amorphous aggregates and can detect oligomeric species formed early during aggregation. Moreover, ASCP can be used to visualise fibrils via Total Internal Reflection Fluorescence (TIRF) microscopy and, due to its large Stokes shift, simultaneously monitor the fluorescence emission of other labelled proteins following excitation with the same laser used to excite ASCP. Consequently, ASCP possesses enhanced and unique spectral characteristics compared to ThT that make it a promising alternative for the in vitro study of amyloid fibrils and the mechanisms by which they form.

Publication Date


  • 2020

Citation


  • Marzano, N., Wray, K., Johnston, C., Paudel, B., Hong, Y., van Oijen, A., & Ecroyd, H. (2020). An ¿-cyanostilbene derivative for the enhanced detection and imaging of amyloid fibril aggregates. doi:10.1101/2020.06.25.172627

Web Of Science Accession Number


Abstract


  • The aggregation of proteins into amyloid fibrils has been implicated in the pathogenesis of a variety of neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease. Benzothiazole dyes such as Thioflavin T (ThT) are well characterised and widely used fluorescent probes for monitoring amyloid fibril formation. However, existing dyes lack sensitivity and specificity to oligomeric intermediates formed during fibril formation. In this work we describe the use of an α-cyanostilbene derivative with aggregation-induced emission properties (called ASCP) as a fluorescent probe for the detection of amyloid fibrils. Similar to ThT, ASCP is fluorogenic in the presence of amyloid fibrils and upon binding and excitation at 460 nm produces a red-shifted emission with a large Stokes shift of 145 nm. ASCP has a higher binding affinity to fibrillar α-synuclein than ThT and likely shares the same binding sites to amyloid fibrils. Importantly, ASCP was found to also be fluorogenic in the presence of amorphous aggregates and can detect oligomeric species formed early during aggregation. Moreover, ASCP can be used to visualise fibrils via Total Internal Reflection Fluorescence (TIRF) microscopy and, due to its large Stokes shift, simultaneously monitor the fluorescence emission of other labelled proteins following excitation with the same laser used to excite ASCP. Consequently, ASCP possesses enhanced and unique spectral characteristics compared to ThT that make it a promising alternative for the in vitro study of amyloid fibrils and the mechanisms by which they form.

Publication Date


  • 2020

Citation


  • Marzano, N., Wray, K., Johnston, C., Paudel, B., Hong, Y., van Oijen, A., & Ecroyd, H. (2020). An ¿-cyanostilbene derivative for the enhanced detection and imaging of amyloid fibril aggregates. doi:10.1101/2020.06.25.172627

Web Of Science Accession Number