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Sample-Adaptive GANs: Linking Global and Local Mappings for Cross-Modality MR Image Synthesis

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Generative adversarial network (GAN) has been widely explored for cross-modality medical image synthesis. The existing GAN models usually adversarially learn a global sample space mapping from the source-modality to the target-modality and then indiscriminately apply this mapping to all samples in the whole space for prediction. However, due to the scarcity of training samples in contrast to the complicated nature of medical image synthesis, learning a single global sample space mapping that is 'optimal' to all samples is very challenging, if not intractable. To address this issue, this paper proposes sample-adaptive GAN models, which not only cater for the global sample space mapping between the source- and the target-modalities but also explore the local space around each given sample to extract its unique characteristic. Specifically, the proposed sample-adaptive GANs decompose the entire learning model into two cooperative paths. The baseline path learns a common GAN model by fitting all the training samples as usual for the global sample space mapping. The new sample-adaptive path additionally models each sample by learning its relationship with its neighboring training samples and using the target-modality features of these training samples as auxiliary information for synthesis. Enhanced by this sample-adaptive path, the proposed sample-adaptive GANs are able to flexibly adjust themselves to different samples, and therefore optimize the synthesis performance. Our models have been verified on three cross-modality MR image synthesis tasks from two public datasets, and they significantly outperform the state-of-the-art methods in comparison. Moreover, the experiment also indicates that our sample-adaptive strategy could be utilized to improve various backbone GAN models. It complements the existing GANs models and can be readily integrated when needed.

Publication Date


  • 2020

Citation


  • Yu, B., Zhou, L., Wang, L., Shi, Y., Fripp, J., & Bourgeat, P. (2020). Sample-Adaptive GANs: Linking Global and Local Mappings for Cross-Modality MR Image Synthesis. IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging, 39(7), 2339-2350. doi:10.1109/TMI.2020.2969630

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85087468999

Start Page


  • 2339

End Page


  • 2350

Volume


  • 39

Issue


  • 7

Abstract


  • Generative adversarial network (GAN) has been widely explored for cross-modality medical image synthesis. The existing GAN models usually adversarially learn a global sample space mapping from the source-modality to the target-modality and then indiscriminately apply this mapping to all samples in the whole space for prediction. However, due to the scarcity of training samples in contrast to the complicated nature of medical image synthesis, learning a single global sample space mapping that is 'optimal' to all samples is very challenging, if not intractable. To address this issue, this paper proposes sample-adaptive GAN models, which not only cater for the global sample space mapping between the source- and the target-modalities but also explore the local space around each given sample to extract its unique characteristic. Specifically, the proposed sample-adaptive GANs decompose the entire learning model into two cooperative paths. The baseline path learns a common GAN model by fitting all the training samples as usual for the global sample space mapping. The new sample-adaptive path additionally models each sample by learning its relationship with its neighboring training samples and using the target-modality features of these training samples as auxiliary information for synthesis. Enhanced by this sample-adaptive path, the proposed sample-adaptive GANs are able to flexibly adjust themselves to different samples, and therefore optimize the synthesis performance. Our models have been verified on three cross-modality MR image synthesis tasks from two public datasets, and they significantly outperform the state-of-the-art methods in comparison. Moreover, the experiment also indicates that our sample-adaptive strategy could be utilized to improve various backbone GAN models. It complements the existing GANs models and can be readily integrated when needed.

Publication Date


  • 2020

Citation


  • Yu, B., Zhou, L., Wang, L., Shi, Y., Fripp, J., & Bourgeat, P. (2020). Sample-Adaptive GANs: Linking Global and Local Mappings for Cross-Modality MR Image Synthesis. IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging, 39(7), 2339-2350. doi:10.1109/TMI.2020.2969630

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85087468999

Start Page


  • 2339

End Page


  • 2350

Volume


  • 39

Issue


  • 7