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Dynamic modeling of weld bead geometry features in thick plate GMAW based on machine vision and learning

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Weld bead geometry features (WBGFs) such as the bead width, height, area, and center of gravity are the common factors for weighing welding quality control. The effective modeling of these WBGFs contributes to implementing timely decision making of welding process parameters to improve welding quality and enhance automatic levels. In this work, a dynamic modeling method of WBGFs is presented based on machine vision and learning in multipass gas metal arc welding (GMAW) with typical joints. A laser vision sensing system is used to detect weld seam profiles (WSPs) during the GMAW process. A novel WSP extraction method is proposed using scale-invariant feature transform and machine learning. The feature points of the extracted WSP, namely the boundary points of the weld beads, are identified with slope mutation detection and number supervision. In order to stabilize the modeling process, a fault detection and diagnosis method is implemented with cubic exponential smoothing, and the diagnostic accuracy is within 1.50 pixels. A linear interpolation method is presented to implement sub pixel discrimination of the weld bead before modeling WBGFs. With the effective feature points and the extracted WSP, a scheme of modeling the area, center of gravity, and all-position width and height of the weld bead is presented. Experimental results show that the proposed method in this work adapts to the variable features of the weld beads in thick plate GMAW with T-joints and butt/lap joints. This work can provide more evidence to control the weld formation in a thick plate GMAW in real time.

Publication Date


  • 2020

Citation


  • He, Y., Li, D., Pan, Z., Ma, G., Yu, L., Yuan, H., & Le, J. (2020). Dynamic modeling of weld bead geometry features in thick plate GMAW based on machine vision and learning. Sensors (Switzerland), 20(24), 1-18. doi:10.3390/s20247104

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85097525400

Start Page


  • 1

End Page


  • 18

Volume


  • 20

Issue


  • 24

Abstract


  • Weld bead geometry features (WBGFs) such as the bead width, height, area, and center of gravity are the common factors for weighing welding quality control. The effective modeling of these WBGFs contributes to implementing timely decision making of welding process parameters to improve welding quality and enhance automatic levels. In this work, a dynamic modeling method of WBGFs is presented based on machine vision and learning in multipass gas metal arc welding (GMAW) with typical joints. A laser vision sensing system is used to detect weld seam profiles (WSPs) during the GMAW process. A novel WSP extraction method is proposed using scale-invariant feature transform and machine learning. The feature points of the extracted WSP, namely the boundary points of the weld beads, are identified with slope mutation detection and number supervision. In order to stabilize the modeling process, a fault detection and diagnosis method is implemented with cubic exponential smoothing, and the diagnostic accuracy is within 1.50 pixels. A linear interpolation method is presented to implement sub pixel discrimination of the weld bead before modeling WBGFs. With the effective feature points and the extracted WSP, a scheme of modeling the area, center of gravity, and all-position width and height of the weld bead is presented. Experimental results show that the proposed method in this work adapts to the variable features of the weld beads in thick plate GMAW with T-joints and butt/lap joints. This work can provide more evidence to control the weld formation in a thick plate GMAW in real time.

Publication Date


  • 2020

Citation


  • He, Y., Li, D., Pan, Z., Ma, G., Yu, L., Yuan, H., & Le, J. (2020). Dynamic modeling of weld bead geometry features in thick plate GMAW based on machine vision and learning. Sensors (Switzerland), 20(24), 1-18. doi:10.3390/s20247104

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85097525400

Start Page


  • 1

End Page


  • 18

Volume


  • 20

Issue


  • 24