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GEANT4 - A simulation toolkit

Journal Article


Abstract


  • GEANT4 is a toolkit for simulating the passage of particles through matter. It includes a complete range of functionality including tracking, geometry, physics models and hits. The physics processes offered cover a comprehensive range, including electromagnetic, hadronic and optical processes, a large set of long-lived particles, materials and elements, over a wide energy range starting, in some cases, from 250 eV and extending in others to the TeV energy range. It has been designed and constructed to expose the physics models utilised, to handle complex geometries, and to enable its easy adaptation for optimal use in different sets of applications. The toolkit is the result of a worldwide collaboration of physicists and software engineers. It has been created exploiting software engineering and object-oriented technology and implemented in the C++ programming language. It has been used in applications in particle physics, nuclear physics, accelerator design, space engineering and medical physics. © 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Publication Date


  • 2003

Citation


  • Agostinelli, S., Allison, J., Amako, K., Apostolakis, J., Araujo, H., Arce, P., . . . Sawada, Y. (2003). GEANT4 - A simulation toolkit. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 506(3), 250-303. doi:10.1016/S0168-9002(03)01368-8

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-0038377458

Start Page


  • 250

End Page


  • 303

Volume


  • 506

Issue


  • 3

Abstract


  • GEANT4 is a toolkit for simulating the passage of particles through matter. It includes a complete range of functionality including tracking, geometry, physics models and hits. The physics processes offered cover a comprehensive range, including electromagnetic, hadronic and optical processes, a large set of long-lived particles, materials and elements, over a wide energy range starting, in some cases, from 250 eV and extending in others to the TeV energy range. It has been designed and constructed to expose the physics models utilised, to handle complex geometries, and to enable its easy adaptation for optimal use in different sets of applications. The toolkit is the result of a worldwide collaboration of physicists and software engineers. It has been created exploiting software engineering and object-oriented technology and implemented in the C++ programming language. It has been used in applications in particle physics, nuclear physics, accelerator design, space engineering and medical physics. © 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Publication Date


  • 2003

Citation


  • Agostinelli, S., Allison, J., Amako, K., Apostolakis, J., Araujo, H., Arce, P., . . . Sawada, Y. (2003). GEANT4 - A simulation toolkit. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 506(3), 250-303. doi:10.1016/S0168-9002(03)01368-8

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-0038377458

Start Page


  • 250

End Page


  • 303

Volume


  • 506

Issue


  • 3