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The black box problem of AI in oncology

Journal Article


Abstract


  • The rapidly increasing amount and complexity of data in healthcare, the pace of published research, drug development, biomarker discovery, and clinical trial enrolment in oncology renders AI an approach of choice in the development of machine assisted methods for data analysis and machine assisted decision making. Machine learning algorithms, and artificial neural networks in particular, drive recent successes of AI in oncology. Performances of AI driven methods continue to improve with respect to both speed and precision thus leading to a great potential for AI to improve clinical practice. But the acceptance and a lasting breakthrough of AI in clinical practice is hampered by the black box problem. The black box problem refers to limits in the interpretability of results and to limits in explanatory functionality. Addressing the black box problem has become a major focus of research [1]. This talk describes recent attempts to addressing the black box problem in AI, offers a discussion on the suitability of those attempts for applications to oncology, and provides some future directions.

Publication Date


  • 2020

Citation


  • Hagenbuchner, M. (2020). The black box problem of AI in oncology. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1662(1). doi:10.1088/1742-6596/1662/1/012012

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85096351503

Web Of Science Accession Number


Volume


  • 1662

Issue


  • 1

Abstract


  • The rapidly increasing amount and complexity of data in healthcare, the pace of published research, drug development, biomarker discovery, and clinical trial enrolment in oncology renders AI an approach of choice in the development of machine assisted methods for data analysis and machine assisted decision making. Machine learning algorithms, and artificial neural networks in particular, drive recent successes of AI in oncology. Performances of AI driven methods continue to improve with respect to both speed and precision thus leading to a great potential for AI to improve clinical practice. But the acceptance and a lasting breakthrough of AI in clinical practice is hampered by the black box problem. The black box problem refers to limits in the interpretability of results and to limits in explanatory functionality. Addressing the black box problem has become a major focus of research [1]. This talk describes recent attempts to addressing the black box problem in AI, offers a discussion on the suitability of those attempts for applications to oncology, and provides some future directions.

Publication Date


  • 2020

Citation


  • Hagenbuchner, M. (2020). The black box problem of AI in oncology. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1662(1). doi:10.1088/1742-6596/1662/1/012012

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85096351503

Web Of Science Accession Number


Volume


  • 1662

Issue


  • 1